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Takshashila University | World's First and Oldest University Taksha Institute

Takshashila University

Takshashila University is the most famous and the world’s first university. Takshashila University was established 2700 years ago in Taxila. Takshasila is also known as Taxila or Takshila.  Between 600BC and 500AD, Taxila was in the kingdom of Gandhar, in Ancient India before partition, but now Takshashila is in Rawalpindi district of the Punjab Pakistan after partition. Takshashila University offered over sixty courses in various fields. Student’s minimum age is stipulated at sixteen to join the Takshashila University. Takshashila university lectures taught Vedas and Eighteen Arts, which included skills such as archery, hunting and elephant lore and it has in addition law school, medical school and school of military science to the students. Students would come to Takshasila and take up education in their chosen subject with their teacher directly. Famous Physicians studied in this university. The University consisted of three buildings: RatnaSagar, Ratnodavi and ratnayanjak. The ancient Takshasila were declared a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural organization) world Heritage site.

Takshashila University​:


More than 10,500 students studied in Takshasila University. The campus accommodated for students who came from as far as Bablonisa, Greece, Arabia and China.

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Takshashila University Courses:

Campus offered different courses in various fields such as

  • Vedas

  • Grammar

  • Philosophy

  • Ayurveda

  • Agriculture

  • Surgery

  • Politics

  • Archery

  • Warfare

  • Astronomy

  • Commerce

  • Futurology

  • Music

  • Dance

There were even curious subjects like the art of discovering hidden treasure, decrypting encrypted messages and more.


Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan.

Takshashila University Campus life:

 Takshasila University consisted

  • Laboratories

  • Ambudharaavlehi for astronomical research

  • Massive library called Dharma Gunj.


Admissions into Takshasila University were based on merit of the students. The student would option for electives and then would do research and study in depth into their field of choice.

Takshashila University Fee:

Teachers provide free boarding and accommodation for poor students. Students had to do manual work to the teachers. Gurudakshina was expected for completion of a student’s studies. A wealthy student offers umbrellas, pair of sandals and turban to the teachers.

Takshashila University Entrance Exam:

Takshashila entrance exam was very difficult to clear. Only few students were able to clear the test.

Notable Alumni:

Takshasila University notable alumni are:

  1. Chanakya:

Acharya Chankya was also known as Vishnugupta and Kautilya. Chanakya was an Indian teacher, Philosopher, economist, jurist and royal advisor. Acharya Chankya was born in Kusumpur near Pataliputra (Patna). Chanakya father name was Chanak. Arthashastra was written by Chanakya, which is an ancient Indian treatise, economic policy and military strategy. Chanakya was also a teacher and guardian of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya.

  1.  Panini:

Panini was an Ancient Sanskrit linguist, grammarian. Ashtadhyayi was written by Panini. He was the father of Indian Linguistics.  Ashtadhyayi means eight chapters and is more complicated and highly technical and specific defining the features and rules of Sanskrit grammar.

  1. Charaka:

Charkas was developed a system of medicine and life style in ancient India. Charaka is regarded as the father of Medicine. SushruthaSamhita, AshtangaSangraha and AshtangaHrudayam were written by Charaka.

Takshashila University

  1. Vishnu Sharma:

Vishnu Sharma was Indian Scholar and Author. Vishnu Sharma was born in Kashmir.  Panchatantra and Five Discourses on Worldly Wisdom books were written by Vishnu Sharma.

  1.  Jivaka Komarabhacca:

Jivaka also known as JivakaKomarabhacca. Jivaka was a physician in Ancient India and follower of Gautama Buddha. Jivaka was born in Rajagriha; Magadha. Jivaka was an expert in pulse reading.

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