Monsoon Seasonal Diseases Precautions | Mosquito Diseases | Viral Fever
Monsoon Seasonal Diseases - Monsoon is the season that brings happiness to our life as it makes the environment cool after the hot and scorching sun rays during the hot summer. But, even after having the cool splash of monsoon rain, there are some flaws and negative effects from which you need to protect yourself. There are certain health risks that are brought by monsoon from which people need to be really careful and avoid monsoon seasonal diseases.
After the rainfall, stagnant water causes the growth of mosquitoes and microbes. These places will promote the risk of mosquito conveyed infections, such as malaria, dengue and high temperature with fever. Viral infections are also spread easily during monsoon season. Dangerous bacteria can attack us to inflict with and spread the diseases which decrease our immunity levels. In monsoon season normally people suffer from allergies, several types of infections and indigestion. We need to have the precautionary practices during monsoon like cleanliness, fresh food and protection from mosquitoes. Most common monsoon diseases will occur from mosquitoes, contaminated water or food, fungus and viruses.
Monsoon Seasonal Diseases From Mosquitoes:
These diseases spread mainly through stagnant water which is most suitable for the growth of mosquitoes. Water leftover in coolers, rubber tires or open outdoor containers can also be the reproduction source for mosquitoes. Common mosquito-conveyed infections are as follows:
1. Malaria Fever:
Across the globe, malaria fever kills thousands of people every monsoon. It is carried by the female anopheles mosquito, which is an evening and early morning biter.
2. Dengue Fever:
3. Chikungunya Fever:
Chikungunya fever is transmitted similarly to dengue fever and causes an illness, followed by a longer period of joint pains in extremities. Body pain may persist for years in some cases. Chikungunya is caused by the same female Aedes mosquitoes that cause dengue.
Monsoon Seasonal Diseases Mosquito Diseases Precautions:
Avoid stagnation of water near your surroundings and insist your local municipal authorities to spray regularly insecticides in the neighborhood. Wear full-sleeved clothes when leaving the house during early morning or evening hours. Use a powerful insect repellent to hold mosquitoes away and prevent getting bitten. Apply anti-mosquito lotions, sprays and wrist-bands which are abundantly available in the market.
- Use insecticide-treated mosquito nets at night.
- Consult the doctors immediately after observing the illness.
- Use prescribed medicines only for monsoon diseases.
Monsoon Seasonal Diseases From Water Or Food:
During the monsoons, some diseases break out which spread through contaminated food or water and they occur commonly in areas where there is poor sanitation and lack of a proper sewage system. Road side unhygienic food and beverages also become a reason of such diseases.
Some common water and food borne diseases are mentioned below:
1. Hepatitis A:
It is an awful infectious disease of the liver caused by the Hepatitis A virus and spreads through contaminated stool, food, water or close personal contact with the infected person. It does not spread through non-skin contact or proximity to the patient.
Cholera is usually spread through food and water contaminated by human farces and is swiftly carried forward by flies and thus is common in areas of poor sanitation. While cholera can easily be cured, it can also turn deadly if left untreated.
3. Typhoid Fever:
Typhoid fever an acute illness associated with fever caused by the ingestion of food or water contaminated by the bacteria Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi. The bacteria can survive in water or dry sewage for several weeks and usually enters the body through the faeco-oral route.
If you are intended to eat road side food in the rainy season it is not the time to indulge. Your health is important rather than your food interests.
Water and raw vegetables are not hygienic during the monsoon. Use fresh vegetables for cooking.
- Store food/water in covered containers to protect it from flies.
- Take moderately hot food and drinks in this monsoon.
- Keeping yourself clean ensures protection against most water-borne diseases.
- Ingest small quantities of ORS (oral rehydration solution) at short intervals to combat dehydration caused by diarrhea.
Monsoon Seasonal Diseases From Fungus:
Fungal infections are caused by fungus, a type of microorganism. The fungus grows best in a warm, moist environment such as shoes, socks, swimming pools, locker rooms and the floors of public showers. Especially during the humid monsoons they become ideal source for the festering of such infections.
Ringworm is a fungal skin infection that causes a red, circular, itchy rash. Ringworm is officially known as tinea or dermatophytosis. Ringworm is referred by other names depending on the part of the body that is affected.
Try to avoid walking through rainy water. It can lead to numerous fungal diseases of the feet and heels.
- Keep your body dry.
- If caught in unexpected showers, dry yourself as soon as possible. Change wet undergarments and switch to cotton ones, as they allow body to breathe.
- Wear sandals, if possible, to air your feet.
- Allow damp hair to dry before you comb or tie them again.
- Bathe twice a day and add a few drops of lemongrass, neem or mint extracts to your bath water.
Monsoon Seasonal Diseases From Viruses:
Viral disease is a common disease all over the world and occurs during all the seasons, but occurs most often during monsoon. Viral infections are caused by the invasion of various disease-causing viruses into the host's body. The monsoon season makes it easier to carry the infections from one person to another person especially harmful to those with weak immunity system.
Viral diseases are spread into different parts of the body system at the same time. When a person coughs, sneezes, yawns or even talks he/she tends to spray tiny particles of fluid that contain bacteria and viruses from his/her body. If you are close enough, these bacteria enter your body through your nose or mouth and infect you. Some common viral diseases are:
1. Viral Fever:
Viral fever is caused by the viruses, usually characterized by an increase in normal body temperature. It is quite common in children and old people due to low immunity.
2. Cold and Flu:
Cold and flu are self-limiting in generally healthy people. This means that the viral infection causes illness for a period of time, then it resolves and symptoms disappear as your immune system attacks the virus and then your body recovers.
- The easiest way is to avoid getting yourself wet in rain.
- Wash your hands regularly.
- Try to avoid crowd places as far as possible.
- Avoid touching your face (mouth and nose) with your hands without washing them.
- Always cover your mouth with a clean hanky while coughing, sneezing or yawning.
- Carry a sanitizer and apply it before meals.
Diary Store Recommends Precautions rather than Cure.