Ovarian Cancer|Ovarian Cancer Signs,Symptoms and Causes

Ovarian Cancer

What Is Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer, as the name suggests, is the cancer affecting ovary. Ovaries are an important pair of organs in female reproductive system. Ovaries are a small pair of sac-like organs separated from each other and are situated on either side of uterus, vaguely forming altogether a T-shape. Both ovaries are connected by a horizontal muscular tubes extending to left and right sides of ovary called fallopian tubes. At the end of each fallopian tube is found a receptacle-resembling structure known as ovary. The two ovaries are the female gonads or sex glands for production of female reproductive cells ova (singular form- ovum). The ovaries serve as muscular sacs for fertilization of ovum (female reproductive cell) into an egg. Ovaries also produce hormones estrogen and progesterone.

It occurs in ovary with unregulated growth of abnormal cells. For several months since the onset of ovarian cancer, the symptoms are often mistaken by diagnosing medical team as that of benign conditions. When the pathological tests confirm positive on ovarian cancer, a lot of time would have elapsed without causing a suspicion about the ailment. Most of the time, ovarian cancer goes undetected until it has spread within pelvis and abdomen. This makes it difficult to treat ovarian cancer at such an advanced stage.

General Signs and symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

  • A frequent need to urinate
  • Weight Loss
  • Abdominal swelling or bloating
  • A sense of satiation or abdominal filling even on eating small quantities of food
  • Irregularities in bowel movements or constipation
  • Pain in pelvic region

Ovarian Cancer

Root Causes of Ovarian Cancer

Cancer is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells due to an abrupt bizarre change in the composition of DNA in them. Due to their nature of non-perishability, the older ill-formed/defective cells continue to remain in the system along with the ever-growing new harmful cells. As the relentless multiplication of sinister cells needs extra space to accommodate themselves in the body, they metastasize/spread to other neighbouring organs, playing havoc with the normal functioning of the existing healthy cells.

 The exact cause that prompts such a sudden aberrant/anomalous change in DNA (called mutation) remains incomprehensible and elusive, despite the extensive ongoing research in the subject for centuries. Since the root cause of cancer is not accurately determined, its prevention by vaccine could not be authentically prepared although experiments are rigorously being carried out for synthesizing a permanent preventive drug. Taking cue from the circumstances that influence the cells undergo harmful internal change, an approximate course of preventive action may be recommended. Adding to the concomitant complications is the non-identifiability of ovarian cancer in its rudimentary stages. Ovarian cancer can be noticed after it has alarmingly spread to the surrounding organs of the body. The medical treatment of ovarian cancer taken up by doctors varies from patient to patient and is based the type of ovarian cancer that has afflicted the victim.

Although the causative factors for ovarian cancer could not be established, it is better to have an idea its risk factors like family history of ovarian cancer, estrogen hormone replacement therapy, age of the victim, inherited genes mutated from ancestry as in the case of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA stands for breast cancer gene), the age-span between commencement and conclusion of female fertility period i.e., the period between the age at which puberty has begun and the age at which menopause has occurred.