Osteoporosis Symptoms Types Prevention Side Effects
Osteoporosis is a bone disease that causes bones to become weak and fragile. The inner part of bone has small spaces. Osteoporosis dilates the spaces so that bones become weak and lose their density and the external part of bone also grows weaker and thinner. The main parts of bones affected by osteoporosis are wrists, hips, spine and ribs.
What Are Symptoms Of Osteoporosis?
It does not cause any noticeable signs or symptoms. Many people have no symptoms until they happen to get a bone fracture. However, certain symptoms of the disorder can show up in some cases. They could include:
Long term backache
A gradual loss of body height
Stooped body posture
Types Of Osteoporosis:
There are four types of osteoporosis: Primary, Secondary, osteogenesis imperfecta, and idiopathic juvenile.
i. Primary Osteoporosis:
It is a more common type. Primary osteoporosis commonly occurs more in women than in men and it develops between the ages of 50 and 70. Primary Osteo generally develops in women after menopause, when production of estrogen slows down. This process leads to increase the bones loss. It generally develops in men when a man's production of testosterone slows down. Women are usually affected at an earlier age than men, because they start out with lower bone mass.
ii. Secondary Osteoporosis:
Secondary-Osteoporosis can be caused by certain medical abnormalities such as hyperparathyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or leukemia and medication such as oral intake or inhalation of high-dose corticosteroids, infusing excessive doses of drugs for thyroid replacement, or aromatase inhibitors. All these disrupt bone reformation. Secondary-osteoporosis can occur at any age.
iii. Osteogenesis Imperfect:
Osteogenesis imperfect, also known as brittle bone disease is a rare form. Osteogenesis imperfect is caused by defective genes. Osteogenesis imperfecta means imperfect bone formation. People with this condition have bones that break easily for no apparent reason.
iv. Idiopathic Juvenile Osteoporosis:
Idiopathic juvenile-osteoporosis happens rarely. It occurs in children between the ages of 8 and 14 or during times of rapid growth. No cause could be found for this type. Under this category, less bone formation and excess bone loss in children is observed. This condition increases the risk of fractures.
Once attack, it may not be unavoidable, there are important habits that may slow the loss of bone mass and promote healthy and strong bones.
These include regular exercise, daily workouts which strengthen your bones. Boozing more than two drinks per day is linked to higher chances of bone loss. Smoking doubles the chance of bone loss and fractures. Hence, quit smoking and drinking.
Add Calcium and vitamin D supplements in your diet; Calcium helps to strengthen the bones and vitamin D helps your body absorb the calcium you eat. So, eat food which is rich in Vitamin D and calcium supplements like: Kale, Collard Greens, Broccoli, Kelp, Spinach, Soybeans. Fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, tuna, and also beef liver, cheese, and egg yolks are examples of non-vegetarian items.