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What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease which means that your blood sugar or blood glucose is higher than normal. This happens when your body cannot make or use insulin it is supposed to. Blood glucose is the main source of energy. When you eat food; your body turns food into sugars, or glucose.

What Is Insulin?

Insulin is a substance that helps your body use the sugar from the food you eat. Your pancreas is supposed to release insulin.  Insulin serves as a “key” to open your cells, to allow the glucose to enter and allow you to use the glucose for energy.  Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough or any insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells on time causing many health problems.

What Health Problems Can People with Diabetes Develop?

What Are Types of Diabetes?

There are mainly three types of diabetes Type-1, Type-2 and Gestational.

Type 1 Diabetes:

With Type 1 diabetic, your body does not make insulin. Type 1 occurs often in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age.



  • Being very thirsty (Polydipsia)

  • Urinating often (Polyuria, Glycosuria)

  • Feeling very hungry or tired (Polyphagia)

  • Losing weight without trying

  • Having sores that heal slowly

  • Having dry, itchy skin

  • Losing the sensitivity in your feet or having tingling in your feet

  • Having blurry eyesight

  • Having Gastric problems

  • Felling Nausea

  • Vomitings

  • Abdominal pain

  • Acetone(“fruity” smell) Breath

  • Kussmaul breathing(Rapid or labored breathing)

  • Lethargy(feel sleepy or fatigued and sluggish)

  • Stupor


2. Type 2 Diabetes:

Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. With this type 2, your body does not make or use insulin well. Type 2 occurs at any age, even during childhood. However, type 2 diabetic occurs most often in middle-aged and older people with a family history of diabetes or overweight.


Symptoms of Type 2 show up slowly and they sometimes are very difficult to notice.

  • Being very thirsty

  • Urinating (Polyuria, Glycosuria) often

  • Feeling very hungry or tired

  • Losing weight without trying

  • Having sores that heal slowly

  • Having blurry eyesight

3. Gestational Diabetes:

Gestational diabetic happens when high blood sugar levels develop during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes develops when women have high blood pressure or other medical complications such as obesity developed during pregnancy with a family history of diabetic. It is especially common during the last three months of pregnancy. Most of the time, this type of diabetic goes away after the baby is born. However, women who are diagnosed with gestational diabetic are more prone to the risk of type II diabetes later.



Gestational diabetes typically does not cause any noticeable signs or symptoms. This is why screening tests are very important. Rarely, an increased thirst or increased urinary frequency may be noticed.

Other Types Of Diabetes:

Less common types include monogenic diabetic which is an inherited form of diabetes and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes.

Ways To Prevent And Control The Diabetes:

Healthy diet can prevent, control diabetic and regular exercise can also contribute to tight glucose control. Take Healthy Fats from nuts, olive oil, fish oils, flax seeds, or avocados.

1. Consume Fresh Fruits:

Many people mistakenly assume that fruits are not a part of diet   for diabetics, but fruits contain nutrients and fiber which help to normalize blood sugar levels and lower the risk of diabetic.


2. Take Fresh Vegetables:

They prevent and control diabetic because they are rich in dietary fiber, antioxidant nutrients, minerals and vitamins which are helpful for controlling the blood sugar.

3. Work Out Regularly:  

Exercise increases the insulin sensitivity of your cells. When you do exercise regularly, less insulin is required to keep your blood sugar levels under control.

4. Control The Weight:  

Fat abets inflammation and retards production of insulin which significantly increases the risk of diabetic.

5. Drink Water Instead of Cold Beverages: 

Beverages that are high in sugar, preservatives and other questionable ingredients are found to increase the risk of Type 2.

6. Cut Sugar and Refined Carbs in Your Diet:

Eating the foods high in refined carbs and sugar increases blood sugar and insulin levels which may lead to diabetes over time. Avoiding these foods may help reduce your risk.

7. Quit Smoking:  

Smoking causes the Type 2 diabetes especially in middle age people. Quitting smoking has been shown to reduce this risk over time.

8. Take Foods Rich in Vitamin D: 

Vitamin D is important for controlling the blood sugar levels. Consuming foods high in vitamin D can reduce the risk of diabetes II.

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