Cancer, Common Symptoms of Cancer, Treatment

Common Symptoms of Cancer

What are the Common Symptoms of Cancer?

Common Symptoms of Cancer-Cancer has been perceived as one of the deadly diseases for centuries. Modern research on the disease has come out curative solutions for certain categories of cancer, if detected early. Unfortunately, the symptoms of cancer in early stages are common with that of other less complicated diseases. Cancer in early stages goes undetected for several days since the symptoms of cancer are apparently similar to the sufferings faced by patients of less dangerous ailments. This causes in many cases a belated detection of cancer after it has worsened to a considerable extent.

Hence, it has become a routine inevitability for doctors/pathologists to rule out the possibility of cancer as a first priority while diagnosing countless number of other diseases. Here are the major common symptoms of cancer of different categories:

  1. Low Count of RBCs in blood: There are several cases of other diseases exhibiting the symptoms of anaemia where the count red blood corpusclesis less than normal. Loss of blood due to previous surgeries, decreases in standard haemoglobin reading due to anomalous menstruation in female patients, lesser intake of iron-rich food/nutrients for considerably long periods are some of the non-cancerous complications. However, ruling out the possibility of cancer should be the routine clinical verification. Loss of blood due to vomiting or excretion would increase the susceptibility over cancer.

  2. Frequent and Narrow Urine Flow: These symptoms may also appear due to harmless enlargement of prostate gland in men and urinary infection in women. Further investigation through digital rectal exam and PSA tests need to be done for cancer.

  3. Hoarseness of throat: The hoarseness in voice could be due to ordinary throat infection. Further tests on vocal cord polyps reveal the possibility of throat cancer or otherwise.

  4. Swollen lymph nodes: If lymph nodes swell due to ordinary infection, they would shrink back to normal size by simple medication for two to three weeks. If the bulge persists even later, deeper analysis for cancer-related malignancy needs to be done.

  5. Blood in urine: If urine contains blood, urinary infection or kidney stones could be the underlying causes. Further probe may have to be done about cancer affecting bladder or kidneys or pelvic tumors.

  6. Lumps in testicles: Even cancerous lumps formed in testicles can be painless initially. Swollen veins or other infections can cause benign lumps in testicles in majority of the cases. However, a further rule-out of cancer is necessary by study on biopsy of lumps.

  7. Breast lumps or Breast discharge: Many of the breast lumps turn out to be benign or less-harmful cysts which are curable by proper medication.  A negative result in mammogram does not confirm the harmlessness of cysts in breasts. Additional tests like X-ray, MRI scan and ultrasound scan of breasts together with needle-aspiration or biopsy should be performed to confirm the non-cancerous nature of lumps. The microscopic study on the discharge from nipple is helpful in accurate diagnosis of the ailment.

  8. Blood in stool: The intuitous suspicion on bleeding in stool is about hemorrhoids or malformation/irregular growth of rectal muscles which are liable for rupture during excretion.

Colonoscopy is performed to find out any abnormality in intestines/innards or ulcers. Further studies would eveal the cancerous nature of ulcers.Symptoms of Cancer

  1. Blood in saliva: Persistent cough accompanied by blood stained phlegm could be the symptoms of extreme cases of bronchitis or sinusitis. If the nagging cough concomitant with blood-contaminated phlegm continues more than a month, tests should be done for cancer-affected parts in lungs, head and neck.

  2. Bleeding warts: External warts on the skin oozing out blood or multi colored moles should inevitably be studied for presence of cancerous cells. If the moles are increasing in size with passage of time, pathologists should get more suspicious about higher probability of skin cancer.

  3. Indigestion or Difficulty in swallowing: Reasons for difficulty in swallowing can be anything ranging from ordinary throat infection to esophageal cancer. The oesophagus or more commonly called as food pipe makes it difficult for the passage of chewed food into the stomach, if the food pipe is affected by either benign tumors or carcinogenic lumps. While the endoscopic studies enable doctors to locate the actual affected areas, further investigation needs to be carried out to ascertain the nature of the cysts or lumps for oesophageal cancer.

  4. Seizure in brain: The electrical impulse in the nervous system can cause seizures. Head injuries, benign tumors can be some common causes. The persistence of seizures over longer periods, spread of tumors invading into neighboring tissues and CT scan reports on brain would give relevant crucial information about carcinogenic cranial outgrowth, commonly referred to as brain cancer.

  5. Bulging of one eye: Barring physical external injuries, bulging of one eye accompanied by plethora of complications like painless loss of partial/complete vision, a pale raised lump on the surface of eye, pain in ocular muscles, blinkered/telescopic vision, eye irritation should be the causes of suspicion over eye-cancer.

  6. Irreparable damage to oral parts: White or red patches on gums, tongue, tonsils, difficulty in chewing, immobility of lower jaw, loosening of teeth for no obvious reason, non-healing and bulging of oral parts despite prolonged medication are some of the symptoms of oral cancer. Biopsy of affected oral parts would confirm the presence of cancerous cells in the mouth. 

  7. Hearing loss: The impaired hearing/quick growth of deafness, reverberating sensation for no apparent reason, a sense of fullness in the ear, facial paralysis, dizziness, recurring ear infections, hardening of external ear muscles with purulent sores etc., are some of the symptoms that can be manifestations of ear cancer.

  8. Weakened bones: Reduced movements of bone joints, unexplained growing fragility of bones, swelling of muscles around bones, weight loss, tiresomeness can be the indications of bone cancer.

  9. Abnormal bleeding from injuries: Excessive uninterrupted flow of blood from cuts and gums, abdominal swelling, heavy headache, obscured vision, difficulty in breathing, sudden bouts of chill, difficulty in urinating, unusual sweating in cold winter nights, spurt of rashes on the entire surface of skin, frequent weight loss can be the signs of blood cancer.

As said earlier, all the symptoms mentioned are quite commonly found in people suffering from other less-dangerous diseases. A deeper and deliberate focused investigation/set of tests is required to diagnose the specific category of cancer and assess the extent of its aggravation which is the main basis for appropriate/correct medical treatment.