Zinc Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Zinc

Zinc Element:

Zinc is a chemical element and it is a member of group 12 and period 4 in the periodic table. The atomic number of zinc is 30 and it is indicated by symbol Zn. Zinc is a bluish-white, lustrous, diamagnetic metal. Zn is the 24th most abundant element in Earth’s crust and has five stable isotopes. Zn is chemically similar to magnesium.  64Zn is the most abundant isotope and 66Zn, 67Zn and 68Zn are the other isotopes found in nature.

Uses of Zinc Element:

  • Zn is used in alloys such as brass, nickel, silver and aluminium solder.
  • Zinc is used to galvanise other metals such as iron to prevent rusting.
  • Zinc oxide is also used in the manufacture of products such as paints, rubber cosmetics, plastics, soaps, inks, textiles, batteries, pharmaceuticals and electrical equipment.
  • Zinc sulphide is used in making luminous paints, x-ray screens and fluorescent lights.

      

Zinc

Zinc Element Information:

Discovery year: before 1000 BCE

Discovered by:Indian metallurgists

Atomic number: 30

Relative atomic mass: 65.38  

Electron configuration: [Ar] 3d10 4s2

Block: d-block

Other elements in the same block:

Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, LanthanumHafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Actinium, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium, Roentgenium and  Copernicium are the elements in the same block.

Period : period 4

Other elements in the same period:

Potassium, Calcium, Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, Gallium, Germanium, Arsenic, Selenium, Bromine and Krypton.

Group: group 12

Other elements in the same group:

Cadmium, Mercury and Copernicium are the same group elements.

Other elements in the same orbital:

Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel and Copper are the elements in the same orbital.

Allotropes: none

Key isotopes: 64Zn 

Melting point: 419.527°C, 787.149°F, 692.677 K 

Boiling point: 907°C, 1665°F, 1180 K 

Element category: post-transition metal

Density (g cm−3): 7.134 

CAS number: 7440-66-6 

Color: silver-gray

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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