Yttrium Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Yttrium

Yttrium Element:

Yttrium is a chemical element and it is a member of group 3 and period 5 in the periodic table. The atomic number of yttrium is 39 and it is indicated by symbol is Y. It is a soft, silver-metallic, lustrous and highly crystalline transition metal in group 3. Yttrium is never found in nature as a free element and it is almost always found in combination with lanthanide elements in rare-earth minerals.  89Y is the only stable isotope.

Uses Of Yttrium Element:

  • Yttrium oxide is widely used in making YVO4 europium, and Y2O3 europium phosphors to give the red color in color television tubes.
  • Y is also used to produce yttrium-iron-garmets, which are very effective microwave filters. 
  • The radioactive isotope yttrium-90 is used to treat some cancers, such as liver cancer.

Yttrium

Yttrium Element Information:

Discovery year: 1794

Discovered by:Johan Gadolin

Atomic number: 39

Relative atomic mass: 88.906 

Electron configuration: [Kr] 4d1 5s2

Block: d-block

Other elements in the same block:

Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, LanthanumHafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Actinium, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium, Roentgenium and  Copernicium are the elements in the same block.

Period: period 5

Other elements in the same period:

Rubidium, Strontium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, Indium, Tin, Antimony, Tellurium, Iodine and Xenon

Group: group 3

Other elements in the same group:

Scandium, Lanthanum and Actinium are the same group elements

Other elements in the same orbital:

Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver and Cadmium are the elements in the same orbital.

Allotropes: none

Key isotopes: 89Y

Melting point: 1522°C, 2772°F, 1795 K 

Boiling point: 3345°C, 6053°F, 3618 K 

Element category:  transition metal

Density (g cm−3): 4.47 

CAS number: 7440-65-5 

Color: silvery white

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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