Tungsten Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Tungsten

Tungsten Element:

The chemical element Tungsten or wolfram is a grayish white, lustrous transition metal. The name Tungsten comes from the Swedish words tung sten, which mean "heavy stone." Its atomic number is 74 and is indicated by the symbol W. In the periodic table, it is member of d-block, 6th group and 6th period. Tungsten is one of the rare metals and never occurs as a free element in nature.The element is mainly found in the minerals scheelite, wolframite, huebnertie and ferberite. Five stable isotopes are present in naturally occurring Tungsten.

Uses Of Tungsten Element:

  • Tungsten was widely used for the filaments of old-style incandescent light bulbs, but these have been phased out in many countries because they were not energy saving and they produce much more heat than light.
  • Tungsten contains the highest melting point of all metals and it is used as alloying agent in other metals to strengthen them.
  • Tungsten's many alloys have numerous applications including X-ray tubes, electrodes in TIG welding, superalloys, and radiation shielding.
  • Tungsten carbide (WC or W2C) is immensely hard and is used to make cutting and drilling tools.
  • Because of its hardness and resistance it is also used for jewellery as an alternative to gold or platinum.
  • Coming to the biological role it is the heaviest element known to be essential to any living organism. It is used by some bacteria and archaea in enzymes to reduce carboxylic acids to aldehydes

Tungsten

Tungsten Element Information:

Discovery year:1781

Discovered by: Carl Wilhelm Scheele

Atomic number: 74

Relative atomic mass: 183.84 

Electron configuration: [Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2

Block: d-block

Other elements in the same block:

Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, LanthanumHafnium, Tantalum, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Actinium, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium, Roentgenium and  Copernicium are the elements in the same block.

Period: period 6

Other elements in the same period:

Caesium, Barium, LanthanumCerium, Praseodymium, Neodymium, Promethium, Samarium, Europium, Gadolinium, Terbium, Dysprosium, Holmium, Erbium, Thulium, Ytterbium, Lutetium, Hafnium, Tantalum, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Thallium, Lead, Bismuth, Polonium, Astatine and Radon

Group: group 6

Other elements in the same group:

Chromium, Molybdenum and Seaborgium are the elements in the same group.

Other elements in the same orbital:

Hafnium, Tantalum, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold and  Mercury are the elements in the same orbital.

Allotropes: none

Key isotopes: 182W, 184W, 186W

Melting point: 3414°C, 6177°F, 3687 K 

Boiling point: 5555°C, 10031°F, 5828 K 

Element category:  transition metal

Density (g cm−3): 19.3 

CAS number: 7440-33-7 

Color: grayish white, lustrous

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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