Titanium Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass
Titanium is a chemical element and it is represented by the symbol Ti and atomic number of the element is 22. It is a silvery color lustrous transition metal. In the periodic table Ti is found in the d-block, 4th group and 4th period.In the earth crust Titanium is the 9th most abundant element and the seventh-most abundant metal. Ti is almost always present as oxides in igneous rocks and in the sediments derived from them. It occurs in the minerals limonite, rutile and sphene. Titanium has 18 known isotopes; five are stable such as 46Ti, 47Ti, 48Ti, 49Ti, and 50Ti.
Uses Of Titanium Element:
- The most important use of Titanium is in making alloys. It can be alloyed with many metals such as iron, aluminium, vanadium, and molybdenum, among other elements, to produce strong, lightweight alloys for aircraft, spacecraft, missiles, golf clubs, laptops, bicycles, jewellery and crutches.
- Ti is used for hulls of ships, propeller shafts and other structures exposed to the seawater because titanium has excellent resistance to corrosion in seawater.
- Titanium metal also used in joint replacement implants and tooth implants.
- Most common compound of Titanium is titanium (IV) oxide. It is used in manufacture of white pigment which is used in in house paint, artists’ paint, plastics, enamels and paper.
- Ti is also a good reflector of infrared radiation and so is used in solar observatories where heat causes poor visibility.
- Titanium (IV) oxide prevents UV light from reaching the skin so it is used in sunscreens.
Titanium Element Information:
Discovered by:William Gregor
Atomic number: 22
Relative atomic mass: 47.867
Electron configuration: [Ar] 3d2 4s2
Other elements in the same block:
Scandium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, Lanthanum, Hafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Actinium, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium, Roentgenium and Copernicium are the elements in the same block.
Period: period 4
Other elements in the same period:
Group: group 4
Other elements in the same group:
Other elements in the same orbital:
Key isotopes: 48Ti
Melting point: 1670°C, 3038°F, 1943 K
Boiling point: 3287°C, 5949°F, 3560 K
Element category: transition metal
Density (g cm−3): 4.506
CAS number: 7440-32-6
Color:silvery grey- white metallic
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