Sulfur Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Sulfur

 

Sulfur Element:

Sulfur is the non-metallic element belonging to the oxygen family. Its atomic number is 16 and represented by the symbol S. It is a member of group 16 and period 3 in the periodic table. S is the  10th most abundant element in the universe and the fifth most common on Earth. It is a bright yellow element and it was known in ancient times. Except for gold, platinum, iridium, tellurium and the noble gases it reacts with all elements. Sulfur contains 25 known isotopes among which four are stable, 32S, 33S, 34S and 36S.

Uses Of Sulfur Element:

  • Sulfur is used in the production of sulfuric acid. Sulfuric acid is used for sulfate and phosphate fertilizers and other chemical processes.
  • Sulfur is used in the vulcanisation of black rubber.
  • The element sulfur is used in paper, matches, insecticides, and fungicides.
  • Natural gas supplies are doped with mercaptans which are a family of organo sulfur compounds to detect gas leakage, by virtue of their distinctive smell.
  • Other uses are found in  silver polish, in the production of pesticides and herbicides.

Sulfur

Sulfur Element Information:

Discovery year: before 2000 BCE

Discovered by: Chinese

Atomic number: 16

Relative atomic mass: 32.06 

Electron configuration: [Ne] 3s2 3p4

Block: p-block

Other elements in the same block:

Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphorus, Chlorine, Argon, Gallium, Germanium, Arsenic, Selenium, Bromine, Krypton, Indium, Tin, Antimony, Tellurium, Iodine, Xenon, Thallium, Lead, Bismuth, Polonium, Astatine, Radon, Nihonium, Flerovium, Moscovium, Livermorium, Tennessine and Oganesson are the same block elements.

Period: period 3

Other elements in the same period:

Sodium, Magnesium, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphorus, Chlorine and Argon

Group: group 16 (chalcogens)

Other elements in the same group:

Oxygen, Selenium, Tellurium, Polonium and Livermorium are the same group elements.

Other elements in the same orbital:

Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphorus, Chlorine and Argon are the elements in the same orbital.

Allotropes: none

Key isotopes: 32

Melting point: 115.21°C, 239.38°F, 388.36 K

Boiling point: 444.61°C, 832.3°F, 717.76 K

Element category: polyatomic non-metal

Density (g cm−3): 2.07

CAS number: 7704-34-9

Color: lemon yellow sintered microcrystals

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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