Strontium Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Strontium

Strontium Element:

Strontium is a chemical element with atomic number 38 and is present in the Group II of the periodic table. The elements in the Group II are called alkaline earth metals and they have two electrons in their outermost s-orbital. Due to the presence of two electrons in the outermost orbit, the valency of alkaline earth metals is two. It is a very reactive in its purest form and it is always found in the combined state with other elements. Finely powdered strontium catches fire when exposed to air at room temperature and reacts vigorously with water to form hydroxides, liberating hydrogen with heat.  Hence, pure strontium metal is preserved in liquid hydrocarbons or mineral oils like kerosene at low temperature to prevent ignition. Similar to calcium and barium, strontium too dissolves directly in liquid ammonia resulting in a dark blue solution.

Strontium Element Uses:

The major use of strontium is its utility in preparation of glass for colour television cathode ray tubes, where it prevents emission of X-rays. However, new types of TV screens have replaced cathode ray tubes. Strontium, being similar to calcium, is sometimes substituted for calcium for incorporating into human bones under extremely careful medical observation, since infinitesimally higher/wrong doses too can be carcinogenic. The isotopes 87Sr and 86Sr are used to find out the origin or source of sediment in natural systems, especially fluvial and marine environment and they are also used to find out the place of origin of ancient archaeological minerals. Strontium carbonate and other salts are used in fireworks to impart attractive purple colour while burning. Strontium chloride is used in toothpastes meant for sensitive teeth.

 

Strontium

Strontium Element Information:

Discovery year: 1787

Discovered by:William Cruickshank

Atomic number: 38

Relative atomic mass: 87.62 

Electron configuration: [Kr] 5s2

s-block

Other elements in the same block:

Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Sodium, Magnesium, Potassium, Calcium, Rubidium, Caesium, Barium, francium and Radium are other elements in the s-block.

Period: period 5

Other elements in the same period:

Rubidium, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, Indium, Tin, Antimony, Tellurium, Iodine and Xenon

Group: group 2 (alkaline earth metals)

Other elements in the same group:

Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Barium and Radium are the elements in the same group.

Other elements in the same orbital:

Rubidium is the element in the same orbital.

Allotropes: none

Key isotopes: 86Sr, 87Sr, 88Sr 

Melting point: 777°C, 1431°F, 1050 K 

Boiling point: 1377°C, 2511°F, 1650 K 

Element category:  alkaline earth metal

Density (g cm−3): 2.64 

CAS number: 7440-24-6

Color: silvery white metallic

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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