Nickel Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Nickel

Nickel Element:

The chemical element Nickel is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. It is represented by the symbol Ni and atomic number is 28. Ni belongs to the d-block, and the member of the group 10 and period 4 in the periodic table. Ni occurs rarely free in nature. Instead it is found in ores such as pentlandite, pyrrhotite, and garnierite, millerite and niccolite. Ni contains 23 isotopes whose half-lives are known, with mass numbers 52 to 76. Naturally occurring nickel is a mixture of five stable isotopes; 58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni and 64Ni, with 58Ni being the most abundant.

Uses Of Nickel Element:

  • Nickel is mainly used in making alloys such as stainless steel.
  • Ni- steel alloy is used to make armor plate, vaults and machine parts.
  • Nickel-copper alloy is used to make pipes that are used in desalination plants, which convert seawater into fresh water.
  • It is used in making of rechargeable nickel-cadmium batteries and nickel-metal hydride batteries used in hybrid vehicles and also used in the manufacture of Alnico magnets.
  • Ni also used in making of coins.
  • Finely divided nickel is used as a catalyst for hydrogenating vegetable oils.
  • Adding nickel to glass gives it a green colour.

Nickel

Nickel Element Information:

Discovery year: 1751

Discovered by: Axel Fredrik Cronstedt

Atomic number:28

Relative atomic mass: 58.693 

Electron configuration: [Ar] 3d8 4s2 or [Ar] 3d9 4s1

Block: d-block

Other elements in the same block:

Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Copper, Zinc, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, LanthanumHafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Actinium, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium, Roentgenium and  Copernicium are the elements in the same block.

Period: period 4

Other elements in the same period:

Potassium, Calcium, Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Copper, Zinc, Gallium, Germanium, Arsenic, Selenium, Bromine and Krypton.

Group: group 10

Other elements in the same group:

Palladium, Platinum, Darmstadtium are the same group elements.

Other elements in the same orbital:

Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Copper and Zinc are the elements in the same orbital.

Allotropes: none

Key isotopes: 58Ni 

Melting point: 1455°C, 2651°F, 1728 K 

Boiling point:2913°C, 5275°F, 3186 K 

Element category: transition metal

Density (g cm−3): 8.90

CAS number: 7440-02-0

Color: lustrous, metallic, and silver with a gold tinge

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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