Neon Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Neon

Neon Element:

Neon is an inert gas and it is in the 18th group of periodic table of elements. It is a chemical element with atomic number 10. The 18th group of periodic table of elements is meant for placing the symbols of all inert gases. Due to their stable electronic configuration, the elements have the least reactivity and hence the 18th group is also called zero group. Since they do not react easily participate in chemical reactions, they are also known as noble gases. Neon is a colourless, odourless and tasteless gas under normal conditions of temperature and pressure.

After helium, neon is the second lightest inert gas. Neon has three stable isotopes viz., 20Ne, 21Ne and 22Ne. The isotope 20Ne differs from the other isotopes 21Ne and 22Ne in the origin of formation. The latter two are found to be partly primordial and partly made by nuclear reactions between other nuclides with neutrons or other particles in the environment. But on the other hand, 20Ne is known to be neither nucleogenic nor radiogenic and it is considered as the chief primordial isotope formed out of nucleosynthesis in the stellar space, by fusion of helium and oxygen in the alpha process.

Uses Of Neon Element:

Neon gas is used in fluorescent bulbs to make them glow in bright reddish-orange light. Neon is used in vacuum tubes, lightning arresters, high voltage indicators, water meter tubes, television tubes and helium-neon lasers. It is also used as cryogenic refrigerant.

Neon

Neon Element Information:

Discovery year: 1898

Discovered by: William Ramsay & Morris Travers

Atomic number: 10

Relative atomic mass: 20.180 

Electron configuration: [He] 2s2 2p6

Block: p-block

Other elements in the same block:

Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Chlorine, Argon, Gallium, Germanium, Arsenic, Selenium, Bromine, Krypton, Indium, Tin, Antimony, Tellurium, Iodine, Xenon, Thallium, Lead, Bismuth, Polonium, Astatine, Radon, Nihonium, Flerovium, Moscovium, Livermorium, Tennessine and Oganesson are the same block elements.

Period: period 2

Other elements in the same period:

Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen and  Fluorine elements are in the same period

Group: group 18 (noble gases)

Other elements in the same group:

Helium, Argon, Krypton, Xenon, Radon and Oganesson are the same group elements.

Other elements in the same orbital:

Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen and Fluorine are the elements in the same orbital

Allotropes: none

Key isotopes: 20Ne 

Melting point: −248.59°C, −415.46°F, 24.56 K

Boiling point: −246.046°C, −410.883°F, 27.104 K

Element category: noble gas

Density (g cm−3): 0.000825

CAS number: 7440-01-9

Color: colorless gas

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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