Mummies | How to make mummy | Mummification | Types of mummies

Mummies

Mummies - Most of us know that a mummy would simply mean an Egyptian dead body wrapped in bandages, buried deep inside a pyramid well. Actually Mummy is the body of a person or of an animal that has been preserved by artificial means after death. Many people think that mummies only come from Egypt. Of course well-known mummies are from ancient Egypt, but in fact, it is a part of cultures and traditions from round the globe.

Egypt Mummies:

Besides Egypt, mummies have been found in places like Asia, Europe, and North and South America. The ancient Egyptians believed that mummifying a person's body after death was essential to ensure a safe passage to the afterlife. Not all Egyptians got the privilege of getting their bodies mummified. Mummification was an expensive process and only the rich people could avail this facility. The bodies of the people from the poor section of the society were just wrapped in cloth and buried in the dry ground.

Types:

Mummies are classified into two types; one is anthropogenic mummies, which are deliberately created by the person for any number of reasons, the most common being for religious purposes. And other one is Spontaneous mummies, which are found in nature; Spontaneous mummies are formed due to naturally-occurring environmental conditions, such as extreme cold or heat, without people involving in any way.

Mummification Or How To Make Mummies:

Mummification is a method of artificial preservation and prevents them from decomposing; it was developed by Ancient Egyptians who believed that soul lives on after a person has died. Egyptians believed that a mummified body of a person was a place or house for the spirit of the person to return to the body after death. This was to provide them with an eternal life.

Mummification was a long and complicated process and it took about 70 days to completely convert a body into a mummy.

Mummification was performed by special priests.

  1. First the dead body is washed by using palm wine and water. Then the body is cut open to remove all organs except heart since Egyptians believe that this is the center and essence of the person.

  2. Four organs are important needed to for the next world such as stomach, intestines, lungs and liver.

  3. These organs are removed from the body, cleaned and placed in  canopic jars whose lids look like the Gods that guard them.

Mummies

  1. The special Egyptian salt called natron is used to fill up the cavities and cover up the body. This will get rid of all the moisture.

  2. Then the body is left for about 40 days to dry out completely.

  3. Next, the natron is scooped out and the body is stuffed with spices, rags and plants so that it does not lose its shape.

  4. And then the body is wrapped up in linen bandages while chanting spells. Within the linen small charms are hidden, called amulets that are placed to offer further protection from evil.

  5. After the process is done, a mask was put over the head of the mummified body so that it can be recognized in the afterlife.

  6. Then the mummy is put in a coffin, and then placed in a tomb.

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