Gold Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Gold

Gold Element:

Gold is a chemical element and it is a member of group 11 and period 6 in the periodic table. The atomic number of gold is 79 and it is indicated by symbol Au. Au is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, soft, dense, malleable and ductile metal in its purest form.  It occurs in free element form in veins, rocks and in alluvial deposits. 197Au is a stable and natural isotope of gold.

Uses of Gold Element:

  • Au is used extensively in jewellery, either in its pure form or as an alloy.
  • Au is also used for coinage
  • Au compound is used to treat arthritis and dentists also use gold alloys in fillings.

gold

Gold Element Information:

Discovery year:before 6000 BCE

Discovered by: Middle East

Atomic number: 79

Relative atomic mass: 196.967  

Electron configuration: [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1

Block: d-block

Other elements in the same block:

Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, LanthanumHafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Mercury, Actinium, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium, Roentgenium and  Copernicium are the elements in the same block.

Period: period 6

Other elements in the same period:

Caesium, Barium, LanthanumCerium, Praseodymium, Neodymium, Promethium, Samarium, Europium, Gadolinium, Terbium, Dysprosium, Holmium, Erbium, Thulium, Ytterbium, Lutetium, Hafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Mercury, Thallium, Lead, Bismuth, Polonium, Astatine and Radon

Group: group 11

Other elements in the same group:

Copper, Silver and Roentgenium are the same group elements.

Other elements in the same orbital:

Hafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum and  Mercury are the elements in the same orbital.

Allotropes: none

Key isotopes: 197Au 

Melting point: 1064.18°C, 1947.52°F, 1337.33 K 

Boiling point: 2836°C, 5137°F, 3109 K 

Element category:  transition metal

Density (g cm−3):  19.3 

CAS number: 7440-57-5 

Color: metallic yellow

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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