Copper Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass
Copper is a chemical element and it is a member of group 11 and period 4 in the periodic table. The atomic number of copper is 29 and it is indicated by the symbol Cu. Cu is a soft, malleable and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. It is one of a few metallic elements with natural Color other than gray or silver. 63Cu and 65Cu are the stable isotopes of copper.
Uses of Copper Element:
- Cu is used to make coins, along with silver and gold.
- Cu sulphate is used as an agricultural poison and as an algicide in water purification.
- Cu compounds are used in chemical tests for sugar detection.
- It is also used in guttering, roofing and as rainspouts on buildings.
- Copper is used in plumbing and in cookware and cooking utensils.
Copper Element Information:
Discovery year:9000 BC
Discovered by:Middle East
Atomic number: 29
Relative atomic mass: 63.546
Electron configuration: [Ar] 3d10 4s1
Other elements in the same block:
Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Zinc, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, Lanthanum, Hafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Actinium, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium, Roentgenium and Copernicium are the elements in the same block.
Period: period 4
Other elements in the same period:
Group: group 11
Other elements in the same group:
Other elements in the same orbital:
Key isotopes: 63Cu
Melting point: 1084.62°C, 1984.32°F, 1357.77 K
Boiling point: 2560°C, 4640°F, 2833 K
Element category: transition metal
Density (g cm−3): 8.96
CAS number: 7440-50-8
Color: red-orange metallic luster
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