Copper Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Copper

Copper Element:

Copper is a chemical element and it is a member of group 11 and period 4 in the periodic table. The atomic number of copper is 29 and it is indicated by the symbol Cu. Cu is a soft, malleable and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. It is one of a few metallic elements with natural Color other than gray or silver.  63Cu and 65Cu are the stable isotopes of copper.

Uses of Copper Element:

  • Cu is used to make coins, along with silver and gold.
  • Cu sulphate is used as an agricultural poison and as an algicide in water purification.
  • Cu compounds are used in chemical tests for sugar detection.
  • It is also used in guttering, roofing and as rainspouts on buildings.
  • Copper is used in plumbing and in cookware and cooking utensils.

Copper

Copper Element Information:

Discovery year:9000 BC

Discovered by:Middle East

Atomic number: 29

Relative atomic mass: 63.546  

Electron configuration: [Ar] 3d10 4s1

Block: d-block

Other elements in the same block:

Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Zinc, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, LanthanumHafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Actinium, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium, Roentgenium and  Copernicium are the elements in the same block.

Period: period 4

Other elements in the same period:

Potassium, Calcium, Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Zinc, Gallium, Germanium, Arsenic, Selenium, Bromine and Krypton are the elements in the same period.

Group: group 11

Other elements in the same group:

Silver, Gold and Roentgenium are the same group elements

Other elements in the same orbital:

Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel and Zinc are the elements in the same orbital.

Allotropes:  none

Key isotopes: 63Cu 

Melting point: 1084.62°C, 1984.32°F, 1357.77 K 

Boiling point: 2560°C, 4640°F, 2833 K

Element category:  transition metal

Density (g cm−3): 8.96 

CAS number: 7440-50-8 

Color: red-orange metallic luster

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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