Cadmium Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Cadmium

Cadmium Element:

Cadmium is a chemical element and it is a member of group 12 and period 5 in the periodic table. The atomic number of cadmium is 48 and it is indicated by symbol Cd. Cd is a soft, malleable, ductile, bluish –white divalent metal. Cd is chemically similar to zinc and mercury. Cadmium occurs as a minor component in most zinc ores and is a bye-product of zinc production.

Uses of Cadmium Element:

  • Cd is used in rechargeable nickel-cadmium batteries.
  • It  was used to electroplate steel and protect it from corrosion.
  •  Cadmium absorbs neutrons and so is used in rods in nuclear reactors to control atomic fission.
  • Other uses of cadmium include phosphors in cathode ray tube color TV sets, orange and yellow and red pigments.

Cadmium

Cadmium Element Information:

Discovery year:1817

Discovered by: Karl Samuel Leberecht Hermann and Friedrich Stromeyer

Atomic number: 48

Relative atomic mass: 112.414 

Electron configuration: [Kr] 4d10 5s2

Block: d-block

Other elements in the same block:

Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, LanthanumHafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Actinium, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium, Roentgenium and  Copernicium are the elements in the same block.

Period: period 5

Other elements in the same period:

Rubidium, Strontium, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Indium, Tin, Antimony, Tellurium, Iodine and Xenon are the elements in the same group.

Group: group 12

Other elements in the same group:

Zinc, Mercury and Copernicium are the same group elements.

Other elements in the same orbital:

Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium and Silver are the elements in the same orbital.

Allotropes: none

Key isotopes: 114Cd 

Melting point: 321.069°C, 609.924°F, 594.219 K

Boiling point: 767°C, 1413°F, 1040 K

Element category:  post-transition metal

Density (g cm−3): 8.69

CAS number: 7440-43-9

Color: silvery bluish-gray metallic

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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