Bismuth Element in Periodic Table | Atomic Number Atomic Mass

Bismuth

Bismuth Element:

Bismuth is an element in the 15th group and 6th period of the periodic table. Its atomic number is 83 and it is represented by the symbol Bi. It is a post-transitional element. Bismuth is a brittle metal with a silvery white colour and shiny surface and a yellowish or pinkish tinge. It occurs naturally but found in small quantities throughout Earth's crust both as a pure metal and combined with other elements in various compounds. The largest source of bismuth is found in the ores such as bismuthinite and bismite. It has only one naturally occurring isotope, bismuth-209.

Uses Of Bismuth Element:

  • Bismuth is used in alloys with tin or cadmium and is also used in fire detectors and extinguishers, electric fuses and solders.
  • Bismuth oxide is used for cosmetics and paints.
  • Basic bismuth carbonate is used for treatment of indigestion as ‘bismuth mixture’ in liquid form or even as tablets.

bismuth

Bismuth Element Information:

Discovery year:1753

Discovered by: Claude François Geoffroy

Atomic number: 83

Relative atomic mass: 208.980  

Electron configuration: [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3

Block: p-block

Other elements in the same block:

Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Neon, Aluminium, Silicon, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Chlorine, Argon, Gallium, Germanium, Arsenic, Selenium, Bromine, Krypton, Indium, Tin, Antimony, Tellurium, Iodine, Xenon, Thallium, Lead, Polonium, Astatine, Radon, Nihonium, Flerovium, Moscovium, Livermorium, Tennessine and Oganesson are the same block elements.

Period: period 6

Other elements in the same period:

Caesium, Barium, LanthanumCerium, Praseodymium, Neodymium, Promethium, Samarium, Europium, Gadolinium, Terbium, Dysprosium, Holmium, Erbium, Thulium, Ytterbium, Lutetium, Hafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Thallium, Lead, Polonium, Astatine and Radon

Group: group 15 (pnictogens)

Other elements in the same group:

Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony and Moscovium are the same group elements.

Other elements in the same orbital:

Thallium, Lead, Polonium, Astatine and Radon are the elements in the same orbital.

Allotropes: none

Key isotopes: 209Bi 

Melting point: 271.406°C, 520.531°F, 544.556 K 

Boiling point: 1564°C, 2847°F, 1837 K

Element category:  post-transition metal

Density (g cm−3): 9.79

CAS number: 7440-69-9

Color: lustrous brownish silver

You can know detailed information for each element,

Hydrogen, HeliumLithiumBerylliumBoronCarbonNitrogenOxygenFluorine,  Neon , SodiumMagnesiumAluminiumSiliconPhosphorusSulfurChlorineArgon, PotassiumCalciumScandiumTitaniumVanadiumChromiumManganeseIronCobaltNickelCopperZincGalliumGermaniumArsenicSeleniumBromine, Krypton,  Rubidium, StrontiumYttriumZirconiumNiobiumMolybdenumTechnetiumRutheniumRhodiumPalladiumSilverCadmiumIndiumTinAntimonyTelluriumIodine, Xenon,  Caesium, BariumLanthanum,  CeriumPraseodymiumNeodymiumPromethiumSamariumEuropiumGadoliniumTerbiumDysprosiumHolmiumErbiumThuliumYtterbiumLutetiumHafniumTantalumTungstenRheniumOsmiumIridiumPlatinumGoldMercuryThalliumLeadBismuthPoloniumAstatine, Radon,  Francium, RadiumActiniumThoriumProtactiniumUraniumNeptuniumPlutoniumAmericiumCuriumBerkeliumCaliforniumEinsteiniumFermiumMendeleviumNobeliumLawrenciumRutherfordiumDubniumSeaborgiumBohriumHassiumMeitneriumDarmstadtiumRoentgeniumCoperniciumNihoniumFleroviumMoscoviumLivermoriumTennessine, Oganesson.

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