Diamonds formation Diamond having Planets Precious stone

Diamonds

Diamonds are the hardest natural substances and one of the most precious stones. World known diamonds are Allnatt Diamond, Amarillo Starlight, Archduke Joseph, Beau Sancy, Black Orlov, Blue Moon of Josephine Diamond, Esperanza Diamond, Florentine Diamond, Great Mogul Diamond, Hope Diamond, Hortensia Diamond, Incomparable Diamond, Koh-i-Noor, Moon of Baroda, Nizam Diamond, Pumpkin Diamond, Uncle Sam and more.

Credit: ixigo

What Is Diamond?

In chemical terminology, diamond is a meta stable allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal structure called a diamond lattice.

In general, diamond is a precious stone and the hardest naturally forming substance stone.

Diamonds Formation:

Diamonds are naturally formed at high temperature and pressure at depths of 140 to 190 kilometers in the Earth's mantle. The formation of diamond occurs over periods from 1 billion to 3.3 billion years which is 25% to 75% of the age of the Earth.

What Are The Conditions Required For Formation Of  Diamonds?

High temperatures and pressures are needed to form diamond naturally. From the earth’s mantle,   the formation of diamond occurs at about 140 to 190 km depths.

What Is The Diamond Age?

We may not be able to calculate the age of a diamond precisely; but we can estimate that it is about 1 to 3 billion years.

Could Diamonds Be Found On Other Planets?

Scientists believe four planets may have diamonds because of high temperature and pressures. Those planets are Uranus, Neptune, Jupiter and Saturn.

Do Diamonds Possess Colour?

Yes. Diamonds are found in wide range of colours due to mineral contamination and lattice deformation.

Are Synthetic Diamonds Are Available?

Numbers of factories have been running for hundreds of years to create them in laboratories and factories. Synthetic diamond are man-made materials which have the same chemical composition, crystal shape, optical houses and physical conduct as natural diamond. other names used for those man-made diamond include: "lab grown," "created," "lab-created," "guy-made," and "cultured." those names properly indicate that the diamond has been now not evidently shaped in the Earth, however they were instead created by using human beings.

Diamonds

The first commercially successful synthesis of diamond changed into executed in 1954 by workers at well-known electric powered. When you consider that then, many companies were a hit at generating synthetic diamond suitable for industrial use. These days, maximum of the industrial diamond consumed is artificial, with China being the world leader with a manufacturing of over 4 billion carats consistent with yr. maximum of the critical industrialized countries at the moment are able to produce synthetic diamond for commercial use in factories.

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