Country - Tunisia
Tunisia Country Information
Tunisia is a country in the extreme northern most part of the African continent. Officially declaring itself it as the Republic of Tunisia, the country is flanked on both sides by two countries, Algeria in the west and Libya in the southeast. Considerably a large part its frontier beginning from the west to more than half of its eastern border is exposed to the Mediterranean Sea. The capital and the largest city Tunis is situated on the northern coast.
The extreme coastal point in the north Cape Angela is a rocky promontory in the Bizarte governorate of Tunisia. The distance between Tunisia and the city of Rome in Europe is 593 kilometers which is interestingly shorter than the route from Tunisia to Libya within the same continent. The eastern corner of the Atlas Mountains ends up in Tunisia.
The official language of Tunisia is Arabic while French is widely used for administrative, educational and commercial purposes. The other spoken languages are Tunisian Arabic and Berber. The total population of Tunisia was estimated at 11,304,482 in 2016 and the per capita GDP (nominal) was US $ 3573. About 98% of the population belongs to Islam, the rest pertaining to Christianity, Judaism and other religions.
Tunisia has a high Human Development Index of 0.735 with unitary semi-presidential democratic republic system of government. The country had been under the French colonial rule since 1881 for a period of 76 years. The main items of exports from Tunisia are electrical machinery and equipment, clothing, mineral fuels, footwear, computer machinery, vehicles, medical apparatus, animal/vegetable oils and plastics. The country imports mainly machinery and equipment, chemicals, food and fuel.
Tunisia has lots of interesting facts for foreign tourists with a predilection for pre-historic events. The ancient city of Carthage built in 814 B.C., and mostly destroyed by Romans in 146 B.C., has still left some of its dilapidated remains which can be seen even today. The central part of the capital city Tunis retains the original character of Medina built in 8th century with its more than 700 historic ruins and got included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1979. It is nearing a millennium since the city of Tunis has been the centre of regal power and the capital of the country from 1159 A.D. onwards.
The most predominant ancient structure of the Roman El Djem amphitheatre seems to uphold its own glorious antiquity that supersedes the present-day modern surroundings as the pre-historic constructions are least damaged even after more than 1700 years of its existence.
As a matter of convenience to tourists, several invaluable pieces of ancient civilization from all over the country have been collected and kept in a single place the National Bardo Museum in the capital city Tunis.
Sidi Bou Said is a little graceful city that attracts tourists by its sheer dainty look endowed by the pure whitewashed tenements and buildings with blue framed widows/doors against the backdrop of the Mediterranean Sea.
In addition to the pre-historic and ancient constructions and mosques galore, Tunisia is also home to a vast sandy desert and eye-catching scenic beaches. Hammamet beach is no inferior to the other sightseeing destinations. The Mediterranean beach flanked by cute homes and buildings painted in speckless white colour is undoubtedly a spectacular site. The row of bright blue roofs on the fale-like shelters for relaxing by the sea is an addition to pulchritude of the shore.
The red stoned Ribat fort in Monastir once served as a defending citadel in ancient times. But the passage of time did not undermine its significance and the monument even today continues to be a much cherished spot for shutterbugs and cinematographers. All the praise goes to the ancient style of durable construction and the present day maintenance to safeguard the original tone and texture of the monument.
Tunisia has more of a grand historic background than the modern day attractions to keep international travellers as prospective customers to its tourism industry.