Country - Serbia
Serbia Country Information
Serbia is a landlocked country with more than half of its territory lying in Southeast Europe known as Balkan Peninsula. The frontier of Serbia is shared by Hungary in the north, Romania in the north east, Bulgaria in the south and south east, Macedonia and Albania in the south, Montenegro in the south west and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the west. Before 2006, Montenegro had been a part of undivided Yugoslavia which had western border as the coastline with Adriatic Sea. With the split-up from the former Yugoslavia, two new nations have formed Serbia and Montenegro. Since Montenegro lies to the southwest of Serbia, the Adriatic coast has become the southwestern border of Montenegro.
Belgrade which had been the capital of the former undivided Yugoslavia is the current capital and the largest city of Serbia. The official language is Serbian and more than 91% of the total population follows Christianity, out of which 84.5% are Orthodox Christians, 6% are Roman Catholics, 1% are Protestants. About 3% of the remaining population outnumbering Protestants is Muslims. The rest of the population is motley of pagans comprising atheists, heretics, Jews and agnostics.
Serbia has been ranked as an upper middle income economy by United Nations. The per capita GDP (nominal), excluding the disputed territory of Kosovo, was US$ 6,815 as per the estimate of 2018.
The chief exports of Serbia were electrical machines, motor vehicles, fruits, vegetables, non-ferrous metals and rubber products for the year 2017. Serbia imported mainly in 2017 motor vehicles, oil, medical and pharmaceutical products. While the total value of exports was US $ 17 billion, the total imports amounted to US $ 21.9 billion, with trade deficit reaching US $ 4.9 billion.
Serbia has weird looking monuments and places to attract tourists. The Kosmaj monument in Koracica has giant finger-like projections pointing in different directions at its centre and the entire structure is 40 meters tall, built in 1970. Due to its queer shape, travellers are interested to visit the monument which was constructed in commemoration of the partisan soldiers against the German occupations in the south of Belgrade in the World War II.
As the gravest reminder of the mass killings in the World War II, Bubanj Memorial Park in the city of Nis in Serbia is the site of a vast green turf ground where conical shaped pillars on the apices of which broad irregular polygon heads were sculpted, rendering the structures a look of three dimensional modern art.
The Skull Tower of Nis is the concrete vestige of barbaric culture exhibited by the Turkish General who built the monument as a symbol of his victory in 1809 over the Serbian rebels whose skulls were used as building blocks/decorative pieces fitted in the walls. The construction, called Cele Kula in the native parlance, is considered today as a testimonial of the country’s sacrifices and intrepidity.
Another more diabolic, haunting and spooky site is the Devil’s Rock Formation in Kursumlija. True to its name, the natural outgrowth of ghostly sandstone pillars is a site that forces the hard-core rationalists to believe it as the abode of demons.
The 14th century Golubac Fortress in Smederovo of Serbia built on mountain slopes consists of ten different towers safeguarding three internal stone enclosures was the security construction protecting Danube. Tourists can behold the fortress by riding in a boat in Danube.
Lepanski Vir in Boljetin of Serbia is quoted as an important archaeological site which houses various artifacts dating back to 7000 B.C. The place is at present left with the remains of 136 houses built by hunter-gatherer homo sapiens. The most distinct feature of the place is the triangular shaped layouts, more particularly of equilateral triangular shapes with all the three equal sides and 60º circular sections. The stone pebbles on which eerie human faces have been etched are one of the incomprehensible aspects of the place.
The Pobednik (Victory) Monument of 1928 in the fortress of Kalemegdan in the capital city of Belgrade is a tall tower on the top of which a pedestal was built to hold the standing statue symbolizing Serbian victory against the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian Empire. The statue was chiselled by the famous sculptor Ivan Mestrovic.
Serbia has many historic and river-side natural attractions to sate the curiosity genuine tourists fully well.