Country - Romania


Romania Country Information

Romania is an attractive land of undamaged numerous ancient citadels, castles and lush green-carpet landscapes!

Romania is a republic nation situated at the convergence of Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Ukraine in the north and a small part in the south, Moldova in the north east, Bulgaria in the south, Serbia and Montenegro in the southwest and Hungary in the northwest. The southeast frontier of Romania is a coastline doused by Black Sea.

Bucharest is the capital and the largest city of Romania. The official language is Romanian and there is no state religion. However, about 81% of the population belongs to Eastern Orthodox and 4.3% of the people are Roman Catholics. The estimates of 2017 say that the total population was over 1.96 crores and the average density of population was 84 people per square kilometer. The government is of unitary semi-presidential republic and the parliament is bicameral. The upper house is called the Senate and the lower house is known as Chamber of Deputies.

The United Nations has categorized Romania as the upper middle income economy and the country has a very high Human Development Index of 0.811. Romania’s exports were mainly vehicle parts, insulated wire, cars, wheat, rubber tyres in 2016. The total value of exports was US$ 64.8 billion and that of the imports was US$72 billion. The top imports of Romania in 2017 were electronic equipment, machinery, vehicles, mineral fuels and plastics.

Romania means a lot of diversity to tourists. The country is marked by a hybrid combination of castles and citadels built in different eras and travellers find themselves in a state of contrast when they get to see modern buildings and ancient fortresses all at a time. Most prestigious among the historic edifices are Peles Castle with narrow tall conical domes and spires (spread across a pretty wide area in a lush green meadow surrounded by tall trees), the mysterious Bran Castle believed to be the homestead of Count Dracula and the Corvin Castle that reminds the miniseries/episodes of Game of Thrones. There are many more castles of the same ilk that captivate the attention of visitors to behold the grandeur of Gothic architecture.

The present-day underground Theme Park in Salina Turda had a series of different roles in its history. Can we ever imagine that there exists an entertainment world far below the ground level? The attraction begins at the entrance itself on the ground which is in the shape of a hemispherical dome. The downward descent on the steps in salt-walled tunnel measuring 400 feet will take you to an ultra-modern and highly sophisticated ambience where you will find yourself amidst circular structures fitted with a plethora of erect fluorescent tube lights in a decorative symmetric succession and a water pond in which visitors are seen kayaking silently. What had been once a mere a salt mine became a cheese storage factory in 1932 and a bomb shelter during the World War II and now it is the basement hub for a variety of activities like row-boating, playing billiards, alley-bowling, taking an undulating swing/trip in a giant Ferris Wheel and playing in a mini-golf court. Certainly the hectic underground world is in sharp contrast with its outward innocent look above the ground level.

The UNESCO World Heritage Sites are plenty in Romania. The eight churches of Moldavia claim supremacy of mural paintings of Byzantine art, depicting various mythological and historical events. Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie mountains are the testimonials of the mélange of military and theosophical architectural work. The Historic centre of Sighisoara is a 12th century Saxon settlement, marked by the overwhelming Sighisoara citadel. The Danube delta is a heart-stealing place with Dalmatian pelicans and cormorants gracing the waters of the river. The primeval beech forests of the Carpethians are the centres of spectacular waterfalls and the landscapes most suitable for hand-gliding.

The Horezu Monastery of 17th century in Wallachia of Romania is an excellent work of perfect Brancovensec architecture that remains undamaged and in perfect shape even today. Its painted decorative works, intricate sculpture and votive portraits add richness to the splendor of the edifice.

The Wooden Churches of Maramures nestled in the middle of verdant pastures in various towns of Barsana, Budesti, Desesti, Leud Deal, Plopis, Poienile Izei, Rogoz and Surdesti are situated in peaceful locales, in assonance with the purpose of their existence.

As if all the above is not enough, the regular events of Film Festivals, month-long Music Festivals make Bucharest the capital of classical music and culture. The mega Musical Nights keep the audience hooked to their seats in auditorium by presenting genuinely good renditions in high octane blare of orchestra.

If you have inclination for watching architectural diversity, you’d better come prepared for longer stays in Romania because the more you see, more seems to be seen endlessly. Romania deserves to be called the architectural capital of the world on account of different construction styles of innumerable citadels and edifices situated lonely in light green turfs, adequately populated with trees with darker green foliage.

Romania is undeniably a paradise of magnificent castles strewn across in verdant vastness and narrow waterfalls plunging noiselessly into the wide water reservoirs.