Country - Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea Country Information
To understand the exact location of Papua New Guinea, it is essential to have a clear idea about the region of Melanesia and the island called New Guinea. In the extreme southern sphere, above Australia towards its north, there lies an island called New Guinea in Indonesian Archipelago. Melanesia is a sub region of Oceania with its range from New Guinea in the southwest of Pacific Ocean to the Arafura Sea and Fiji in the farther East.
If the island of New Guinea is considered as made up of two parts when divided vertically, the eastern part in the right forms the country called “Papua New Guinea” which includes certain small offshore islets in Melanesia. Port Moresby is the capital and the largest city of Papua New Guinea. English is the main official language along with endemic lingos Hiri Motu, PNG Sign Language and Tok Pisin. In addition, there are 850 demotic dialects that are in use when all the islets are taken together.
As per the census of 2016, the population of Papua New Guinea was 8,084, 999 indicating the average density of population at 15 people per square kilometer in its total area of 462,840 sq.km. The per capita GDP (nominal) was US$3,123.
The economy of the country is mainly based on agriculture. Most of the population resides in rural areas. Papua New Guinea has plenty of natural resources and mineral and renewable resources. The major items of exports are gold, copper, palm oil and coffee sold to the countries like Australia, Japan, Germany, China and Singapore. The top imports bought in are fuel, rice, vehicles, machinery and equipment. The trade partners for imports are Australia, China, China, Japan and Malaysia.
Papua New Guinea has been overrated as an unsafe place for foreign visitors and as being the native land for cannibals and nomadic tribes. Sparing a special thought on self-protection and being a little bit extra cautious, one can safely explore diverse places and cultures in the land. The Karimui Show, the Sepik River Crocodile and Arts Festival, Enga Cultural Show and Morobe Show will get you introduced to the original wild culture displayed by participants looking ghastly and demonic dressed in traditional costumes, coloured lengthy plumes and weird outfits. Apart from the cultural shows, you can get active and dynamic with the activities like trekking in the dense jungles, cruise the mighty Sepic River, deep-dive in fjords to get close to broccoli coral reefs or do sea-surfing in the omnipresent ocean waters.
You would find the activity of bird-watching is absolutely inevitable on account of the extreme diversity of the existing bird species which make you wonder whether you are standing on another planet. The wide of gamut of exclusively endemic birds ranging from tiny whistlers to mammoth flightless omnivores, can hold you speechless at places such as Tari in Hela province, Huon Peninsula in Morobe province and eco regions of western province. The major historical events from the arrival of primitive homo sapiens to the island from the ice-age, left-over trails from the repercussions of the World War II to gaining independence from Australia can be learnt from different museums like Independence House in Port Morseby, Kokopo and Rabaul in East New Britain and the archaeological sites in Kuk Valley in Western Highlands. The vivid colourful celebrations of independence in Goroka of Eastern Highlands shall leave an everlasting impression in the visitors. The lush green forests at Milney Bay will make you firmly believe that you would have missed a lot, had you not visited this wonderful part of the planet.