Country - North Korea
North Korea Country Information
North Korea has earned the sobriquet “Hermit Kingdom”, inducing curiosity among international travellers.
The Korean peninsula at the north eastern part of China is surrounded on three sides by sea. The Yellow Sea is to the west and the Sea of Japan (East Sea) to the east of the peninsula. The Korean strait is on its south separating the peninsula from Japan. The lower part of the peninsula is called South Korea and the upper part is known by the name “North Korea”. Pyongyang is the capital and the largest city and Korean is the official language.
Prior to the World War II, the peninsula was home to the former undivided Korea. In the year 1910, Imperial Japan seized Korea but at the end of the Second World War, Japan was in the list of defeated countries and lost sovereignty over Korea. The upper part of Korea was occupied by the USSR and the lower part was taken control over by the USA. Endeavours to reunify both of what are now known as North Korea and South Korea could not fructify; and instead of getting merged with each other, they have made their own individual styles of governments which are dissimilar to each other and as divergent as chalk-and-cheese in ideology. On account of its isolationist and reclusive policies, North Korea is referred to as “Hermit Kingdom” by historians. When North Korea launched a raid on South Korea in 1950, the Korean War broke out which lasted a little over three years, but ended in a ceasefire by the Korean Armistice Agreement.
North Korea has been under scorching criticism by media that human rights have been violated under the near-totalitarian rule. Nevertheless, people of North Korea have their own reasons to substantiate to uphold their customs and culture. Possession of nuclear weapons by the country has aroused a spurt of burning concern among the world nations, more particularly between 2016 and 2018. The bilateral discussions between the United States and North Korea in Singapore held in June 2018 have de-escalated the tensions globally, when North Korea has signed on denuclearization.
The chief exports of North Korea are coal briquettes, apparels/costumes and fabric sheets, iron and copper and seafood items like crabs, mollusks etc. The gross value of exports was US$2.98 billion in 2016. The major commodities of imports into North Korea are petroleum and petroleum related products, electrical machinery and apparatus, live animals and natural gas. The total imports amounted to US$3.75 billion in 2016.
The most notable tourist places include the Arch of Reunification, Juche Tower, Arch of Triumph, Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, Sino-Korean Friendship Bridge, Goguryeo Tombs, Masikryong Ski Resort, Tomb of king Tongmyong (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Yalu River Broken Bridge, Kaeson Youth Park, Sonjuk Bridge, Korean Revolution Museum, Munsu Waterpark, Pohyonsa Korean Buddhist Temple, Tomb of King Wanggon, Nampo Dam, Monument to Party Founding (with mammoth structures of hammer, sickle and calligraphy brush symbolizing workers and intellectuals), Chollima Statue (bronze statue of peasant/worker riding on a galloping mythical winged horse), Taesongsan Mountain, Rungrado 1st of May Stadium, Mangyongdae Funfair Amusement Park to name a few. North Korea has scenic locations too like mountains, crater lakes, skiing declivities and rivers to keep engaged those who relish more in the lap of nature.