Country - Nigeria


Nigeria Country Information

Nigeria is located at the concave curvature on the western side of African continent. The Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean is in contiguity with the southwestern coastline of Nigeria. The country has common borders with Niger is in the north, Cameroon in the east and in the south east and Benin in the west. Abuja is the capital of Nigeria and Lagos is the largest city. English has become the official language as a cultural legacy of British rule that lasted 160 years from 1800 A.D.

The total population of Nigeria is 1.9 billion as per the estimates of 2017 and the density of population is 215 people per square kilometer. The economy of the country has suffered from inadequate attention during the military rule of more than three decades that followed independence from the UK. Although one or two sporadic spells of democratic government were noticed they were oppressed by the prolonged military rule during which national developmental efforts took the back seat.  Fortunately, the economy of Nigeria was saved from deterioration due to the presence of oil reserves which made the country as the 13th largest crude oil producer in the world and 18th largest exporter.

The chief exports of Nigeria are crude petroleum, petroleum gas, cocoa beans, gold and refined petroleum. The main items of imports are mineral fuels, machinery, vehicles, cereals, plastic goods, salt and fish. Being one of the most populous countries in the African continent, it has been found that Nigeria is home to more than one fifth of the Sub-Saharan population.

Nigeria has the distinction of having the second largest film industry in the world, known as Nollywood, producing about a hundred films in a year. Indian film industry, named by the media as Bollywood, is supposed to be the producer of largest number of films in the world every year. The man-made bridge of about 12 kilometers between Oworonshoki in the Lagos mainland and Adeniji-Adele has been touted as the lengthiest bridge in the African continent.

Visitors to Nigeria are surprised to find a very high number of twin kids. Scientists are not exactly sure of the reason for higher incidence of birth rate giving rise to twins but some of them ascribe to copious generation of estrogen in women due to consumption of yam root in their regular diet. The Niger river, the longest in West Africa and third longest in the entire African continent traverses in the most part of Nigeria. The river passes through Mali, Niger and renders a larger part in Nigeria fertile before joining the Gulf of Guinea.

The Gashaka Game reserve is a beautiful national park nurturing more than 500 species of birds. The Osun-Osogbo sacred grove is considered by locals to be the religious place for worshipping the fertility Goddess. The erect plank-like structures with two small hands and eerie totems at the place make it a curious visiting spot.

The arrival of December brings along with it an air of ecstasy and sudden spurt of dynamism and elated mood of celebration in the city of Calabar. The Calabar Carnival is of international fame occurring once in every year starting from the first day of December. The festivities include showcasing cultural street dances, traditional music plays, boat regattas and public concerts. The entire period is abuzz with high energy performances and colourful shows. There are a plethora of museums and prehistoric monuments galore to sustain the interest of tourists. Nigeria is a country of multi-lingual culture and diverse blend of traditions.