Country - Namibia


Namibia Country Information

Namibia is on the western border of the African continent. The shape of the country in the world map resembles vaguely that of a pressure cooker with a long handle. The entire north border of Namibia is bounded by Angola, except a small part (posterior spine of the handle, Caprivi Strip) covered by Zambia. The eastern border of Namibia is shared by Botswana and the southern and southeastern border is common with South Africa. Namibia has its entire western border as a coastline with Atlantic Ocean. Windhoek is the capital and the largest city. The official language is English and additionally there are eight national and three regional languages in the country.

The etymological root “Namib” means a vast place true to the geographical feature of Namibia. Prior to its independence from South Africa in 1990, the land was called Western South Africa to denote its topological location in the continent. Later it came to be known as Namibia or officially the Republic of Namibia.  The population of 2,606,971 in a land admeasuring 825,613 square kilometers brings forth an approximate estimate of about 3 people per square kilometer.  As per the calculations of 2017, the per capita GDP (nominal) was US$ 5,073.

Christianity is the predominant religion with more than 80% of people as its followers. Namibia is a country which lays more emphasis on preservation of wild life and more than forty percent of the land is under official protection and conservation. The land is also famous for the largest population of cheetahs/leopards in the world. Plenty of them can be seen in Etosha National Park, though it is not uncommon to find them occasionally at other places in the country.

Namibia underwent traumatic genocidal phases of German rule under the leadership of Bismarck in the 19th century. In protest against the German oppressive cruelty, Heroro men and women drape themselves in the erstwhile style of German apparels, as a grave reminder of brutal massacre of about of 80% of Heroro population and more than 10% of Namaqua race, totalling to approximately 75,000.

The world’s oldest desert Namib is in the country. According to geologists, the Namib desert is said to be over 80 million years old and the desert is famous for the tallest sand dunes in the world at a height of 383 meters from the sea level.

The lengthy Atlantic seacoast of Namibia is about 1600 kilometers. Though named bizarrely, the Skeleton Coast offers tourists a sea of chances to parasailing, surfing, skydiving which give a thrilling experience over the peripheral seawaters of the shore. Safaris are galore in the African continent but in Namibia observance of nocturnal life is possible through night trips in the wilderness. Rhinos wallowing ponds, cheetahs prowling on the unsuspecting preys can be watched through the night-vision binoculars.

About 14.5% of GDP of Namibia is contributed by tourism industry with more than a million tourists visiting every year. Caprivi Strip, Fish River Canyon, Sesreim, Sossusvlei, Etosha Pan, Skeleton Coast Park are among the important tourist destinations in addition to the capital city Windhoek. The ecotourism policy of the government has been the main factor in making the country as a better option among the international tourist destinations.