Country - Uganda
Uganda Country Information
Uganda is a nation in East Africa, landlocked from many sides by the neighbouring countries. However, this does not deprive its citizens of their proximity to large fresh water bodies situated well within the country as well as the largest lake in the African continent, the Lake Victoria that saturates and renders fertile the alluvial peripheries of the land.
Officially referred to as the Republic of Uganda, it gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962 after several freedom struggles that spanned more than a century. There was a coercive human trafficking from British India, though under written covenants, for the purpose of forced slavery in the 1890s when over 32000 labourers were brought to East Africa for laying Ugandan railway lines and building the relevant infrastructure.
To its south lies Tanzania, South Sudan to the north, Congo to the west and Rwanda to the south west. Its frontiers are shared by Kenya in the east. The capital of Uganda, Kampala is the largest city abuzz with hectic metro/urban activity in the country. The massive water currents of the Lake Victoria contribute to substantial generation of electricity garnered by two hydroelectric dams.
A cruise trip in Ugandan waters of the lake Victoria offers views of aquatic birds, eagles, egrets and cormorants flying at lesser heights, more interestingly submerged hippos peeping curiously at sailors from the water surface and sparsely distributed hyacinth. Uganda is home to the endangered species of mountain gorilla and other simian animals.
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Murchison Falls National Park, Ngamba Island chimpanzee Sanctuary, Kidepo Valley National Park are some of the habitats of African fauna attracting tourists from different countries across the world. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Rwenzori Mountains National park were identified as UNESCO world heritage sites. The Queen Elizabeth National Park, spread over the four districts of Kasese, Kamwenge, Rubirizi and Rikingiri has been recorded as the most visited park in the country.
Impressed by the exotic locales in the country, the erstwhile British Prime Minister Winston Churchill praised Uganda calling it “the Pearl of Africa”.