Country - Ghana


Ghana Country Information

Ghana is a country in the African continent. The capital city of Ghana is Accra. The official name of the country is the Republic of Ghana. Except the southern side of the country, all its three sides are covered by different neighbouring countries. The entire vertical eastern border of Ghana is shared by Togo. The northern border and a small part of north western border is common with Burkina Faso. The western border separates Ghana from Cote de Ivoire.

The southern border is in contiguity with the sea waters of Gulf of Guinea. Ghana gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1957 and became a republic in 1960. The country witnessed a series of change in political power and military coups till 1980s, aggravating hunger crisis. Since the peaceful elections in 1992, the future of the people seemed brighter. With the discovery of off-shore oil deposits Ghana began to make rapid strides in economic development and reducing the poverty which plagued the nation till recent decades.

In spite of serious efforts, Ghana still remains a middle-income nation due to a plethora of constraints. Fortunately, the technological sector is gaining momentum to lend some support to economic progress. Agricultural production and coffee exports are picking up much to the relief of hard efforts exerted by the nation.

Ghana has been active in strengthening relations with foreign countries ever since its independence. It was the founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement. Ghana earned the international reputation when the native of Ghana, Kofi Annan was elected to the post of the Secretary General of United Nations who served from 1997 to 2006.

The country has been making progress in space exploration too. The first ever space satellite was launched in July 2017 by Ghana into orbit around the earth. The country set up the Centre for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine at Mampong Akuapem in the eastern region of Southern Ghana in 1976. The objective of the institute is to conduct research remedial solutions for certain diseases from herbal plants. The institute also serves as an out-patient clinic to prescribe herbal medicines prepared by it and more than 16000 patients receive treatment in a month on an average.

Ghana has its own set of attractions for international tourists. The Kakum Canopy Walk along the suspension bridge is a way to have an aerial view but in a very low altitude to watch dense forest trees that serve as habitat for arboreal animals and birds. An unbelievable fact can be learnt about the surprisingly harmless and lazy crocodiles in the sacred pond situated in the small town Paga. No human being has been so far reported to have been attacked by crocodiles of the sacred pond. They are reared like domesticated pets and their hunger is quelled by the caretakers/visitors by feeding them. The Larabanga Mosque in Ghana is known for white conical bud-shaped white structures with protruding metal rods. The first mosque is referred to as the Mecca of West Africa. The Mole National Park seems intentionally left undeveloped for human traffic and the animals living there seem puzzled by the intrusion of visiting tourists into their natural habitat. One can get to see the animals dwelling in the forest caring little about occasional human barging. In addition, Cape Coast Castle and Tenzug Shrine form the other important places of visit for tourists.