Country - Georgia


Georgia Country Information

Georgia is a nation with its contour extended in both continents Asia and Europe. Hence it is referred to as one of the Eurasian countries. Russia lies to its north, Turkey and Armenia in the south, Azerbaijan to the southeastern border.  The concave shaped western coastline is wave lashed by the Black Sea.

Georgia became a free country and achieved full independence following the disintegration of the erstwhile USSR in 1991. The capital and the largest city of Georgia is Tbilisi. Georgian and Abkhazian are the official languages. As per the estimates of 2017, the Human Development Index was recorded as high at 0.78. The climate of Georgia is influenced by Caucasus mountain ranges which are spread between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea. The extensive mountain range is classified into two regions of North and South. The northern mountain range is called Greater Caucasus and the mountain ridges in the south are known as Little Caucasus. The Greater Caucasus mountain range protects Georgia from the cold winds flowing from north and keeps the climate moderate. The country is also partly shielded from dry and hot airflow from the south by the Little Caucasus mountain range.

The economy of Georgia underwent severe deterioration immediately after delinkage from Russia in 1991 similar to other post-Soviet states. Within three years of gaining independence, the gross domestic product had crippled to one-fourth of what it was in 1989. Financial aid from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund in 1995 levitated to some extent the languishing misery of the country. In 2007, a phenomenal revival was noticed in terms of the real GDP growth at 12% and Georgia was hailed by the United Nations as one of the fastest growing economies of the world. As a result of strained relations with Russia, embargo was imposed on Georgian wine by Russia which had been the major importer hitherto. The price of fuel to Georgia was hiked by Russia to worsen the situation. A consistent exponential economy growth rate and development of infrastructure is required to bring the country to the level of self-sufficiency and curtailment of excessive dependence on imports.

The capital city Tbilisi offers notable tourist attractions like Narikala Fortress of 4th century, the Great Sameba Cathedral (Holy Trinity Church), Treasure Troves of Artifacts such as the Georgian National Museum, the open-air museum of Ethnography, Museum of Fine Arts, the state Museum of Silk, Tbilii History Museum, the National Gallery etc. The famous sulphur baths in the old town of Abanotubani district are a special attraction for physical rejuvenation of the body.

The breathtaking landscapes of Caucasus Mountains along the Black Sea leave the tourists head over heels at the picturesque locations. The sporadic townships at the base of green mountains make a pretty picture prompting shutterbugs to record and store the images as personal souvenirs of reminiscence.

The Stalin Museum in Gori is a storehouse with lots of literary work, artifacts representing various life stages of the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. One of the rooms contains the bronze death mask of Stalin. Another room houses the collection his personal memorabilia like his cigars, pipes, slide rule and glasses. The literature pertaining to political development during the tenure of Stalin is preserved safely as records of history. Beside the museum lies the train carriage in which Stalin travelled to Yalta in 1945.

The castle of King Giorgi III in Vardzia, Chavchavadze Estate (1786-1846), Svetitskhoveli of 11th century, Batumi Boulevard of 1884 stretching 6 kilometers along the coast marked by fountains, tiled-paths, restaurants and Jvari church are the other must-see places of visits for  tourists.