Country - Eritrea


Eritrea Country Information

Eritrea is nestled in the horn of African continent in the north eastern side. Starting from the northern tip of Eritrea, the entire western border is embraced by Sudan and the eastern frontier is common with Ethiopia. Eritrea has a very lengthy eastern coast line with Red sea, measuring about 1350 kilometers. The south eastern tip of Eritrea is covered by Djibouti.

Superceding the coastline of the main Eritrea, the seashore length of all the Eritrean islands (including those in Dahlan Archipelago) is quite greater measuring  about 1950 kilometres. The number of Eritrean islands in Dahlan Archipelago is more than 300 out of which only a few are inhabited. The islands in archipelago are rich in wide variety of colourful fish and other sea animals, many of which are endemic to the region. The islets are also endowed with multi coloured coral reefs adding to the beauty of oceanic terrain.

Eritrea has undergone prolonged conflicts with the neighbouring Ethiopia for 30 years before achieving independence from the latter in 1991. The capital and the largest city of Eritrea is Asmara which is ranked as the sixth highest in terms of altitude at 2.3 kilometres from sea level. The city has been included in the list of the UNESCO World Heritage sites on account of its topographical specificity.  Asmara is also identified with the well-preserved monuments of Italian style and has earned the sobriquet of “Little Rome”.

While there is no official language declared in Eritrea, three main languages Tigrinya, Arabic and English are used as the working languages in the country. The economy of the country is mainly based on agriculture sector in which more than 70% of the population is engaged as farm labour. The main exports of Eritrea include sorghum, livestock, textiles and products of small scale industries. The country is dependent on imports like petroleum products, machinery, food and manufactured goods all valued at more than $1.127 billion as per an estimate of 2017.

Eritrea has the apparent feature of Italian culture easily perceptible to visitors. The geography of the main land as well as its innumerable islands (mainly in Dahlak archipelago) in the Red Sea has a lot for tourists in terms of divergent eco-life, vast craggy mountains and deep valleys. The monastery of Debre Bizen located behind the beautiful town of Nefasit is a spectacular sight since it takes a drive along the curved path laden with hairpin curves, labyrinthine roads of 105 kilometres connecting Asmara and Massawa.

For the travellers who are keen on exploring different bio-systems, both terrestrial and aquatic life, spellbinding beauty of natural coral reefs/structures of various colours Eritrea is a compulsory place to visit.