Country - Egypt
Egypt Country Information
Egypt is not confined to a single continent. It is a country that lies in two continents partly occupying southwestern corner of Asia and mostly in northeastern part of Africa. Its geographic terrain extends as Sinai peninsula that forms a bridge in southwest Asia. The name of Egypt echoes one of the ancient wonders of the worlds, the monster-sized pyramids and sphinx (a giant statue resembling a sitting lion with human head). The country is also an everlasting reminiscence of the pre-historic civilization that has been the matter of serious research for historians. In pre-historic times, a lot of violent human activity involving fierce battles between Greeks, Romans, Byzantines and several other races forms the most prolonged periods of ancient history than any other country in the world. Egypt sustains the curiosity of geographists and historians alike. Several volumes of books were written about the sequence of historical events describing the outstanding roles played by the world famous royal figures like Cleopatra and Marc Antony and innumerable battles between different kingdoms for establishing their empires in the region that spanned several centuries.
For a present-day traveller, Egypt still arouses inquisitiveness about its geographical features and about its ever-existing pre-historic monuments. Though Egypt is three times larger than the New Mexico state of US, a major part of the country is a vast desert area. Most people live in the coastal regions of Nile river and Mediterranean sea like the capital city Cairo, Alexandria, Aswan and Port Said.
The most striking monuments in the entire continent are situated in Giza Necropolis where three colossal pyramids lie in close proximity along with three other relatively small pyramids. Giza Necropolis is also known by the other name Giza Pyramid Complex, located at about 25 kilometres from the capital city Cairo. Giza Pyramids and the nearby statue of Sphinx are on the top in the list of visiting places for any tourist. The construction of giant pyramids that challenge big mountains of many places is an enigmatic subject for archaeologists.
The museums in Egypt are evitable places of visit for any traveller since it is the artefacts that truly reflect the original legacy and heritage of the country. The portly statues of pharaohs, the kings/queens of ancient Egyptian kingdom are informative about the series of rulers who were prominent figures of sovereignty spread over a lengthy period of centuries. The most outstanding feature of Egypt civilization is the mummification of famous rulers pertaining to varied dynasties. The dead bodies of royal personalities are preserved under a special procedure with an intention to delay perishing for periods as long as several centuries. Mummifying the dead bodies of kings, queens and other top military heads was practised with the vague belief that the souls of the dead remained immortal after mummification. Egyptian pharaohs are a major attraction in the museums situated in other developed countries as well. However, during the later centuries people had lost in the superstitious beliefs and even certain animals were too mummified. With the gradual decrease in faith, what was once an expensive and lengthy process has come to be cheap and ignorable thing in modern times.
Apart from the gigantic statues, the oldest form of writings on the wall, called hieroglyphics is a signature characteristic of Egyptian civilization. Instead of letters and words, the sketches of animals, birds, human body parts, symbols depicting non-living things and strokes of meaningful doodles are the written expressions used in olden times. The hieroglyphic expressions sustain the interest of visitors substantially well.
On the economic front, Egypt is trying hard to maintain reasonable standard of living. In spite of its highly fertile land along the river coast of Nile, the increase in food production did not match the population boom. Recent ouster of the state of the head, growing unemployment, political unrest, attacks by terrorists have further deteriorated the economy. Inflation shot up to more than 30% in 2017 and with the decline in aid from its Gulf allies, Egypt was forced to seek a loan of 12 billion dollars from International Monetary Fund. Unless the nation implements austerity measures consistently over a period of time, the economy finds it hard to come up to the requisite levels.
In spite of leeway in other areas of governance, Egypt even today still garners a lot of interest from international tourists. Contrary to the highly conservative Egyptian tradition, the country is not without substantial entertainment/night life to the pleasure-seekers. The permanent millennium-old structures, which appear to remain as long as the earth exists, form the rock solid basis for sustaining curiosity of visitors world-wide.