Country - Chile
Chile Country Information
Chile appears in the world atlas as an elongated narrow thin and vertical strip of land forming the most part of western side of South American continent. Chile is known for the presence of major part of Andes which is considered as the longest mountain range in the world. The country has been rated as one of the most stable and progressive economies in the Latin American nations. Its admirable achievement is almost the entire population is literate with a very small portion of 2.7% to be educated.
The northern border of Chile is shared by Peru whereas the eastern border is common with Argentina and the north eastern border alienates from Bolivia known for the largest and highest salt flat in the world. The curved tapering end of the country is neighboured by the waters of Drake Passage which separates Chile from the landmass of Antarctica by about 5727 kilometres. The southern tip of South American continent is shared by Chile and Argentina which are in contiguity with the rough waters of Drake Passage which is known for the most violent upheavals of sea waves in the world. The entire southern border of Chile is kept doused by the endless expanse of Pacific Ocean.
Spanish is the main official language of Chile and the major part of population are Roman Catholics forming 55% of the total. The country achieved independence from Spain in 1810. According to the present constitution, presidential elections take place every four years but an elected presidential candidate cannot compete in elections for the immediate second term.
The tourism in Chile is prominently marked by the Easter Island with giant monolithic stone statues as big as 10 metres tall called “Moai” standing side-by-side like soldiers mounted on a stone ramp at the seashore of Pacific Ocean. In addition to the statues standing in straight lines, there are hundreds of similar statues scattered in the same vicinity, some of them sculpted to form giant heads to torsos and some of them with head and neck only in the open land. The lack of other manmade buildings like vending malls, restaurants and other commercial establishments makes the monstrous statues more visible with unobstructed view. The Easter Island of Chile has been identified as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO. However this is not to mean there are no accommodation facilities nearby. Visitors can positively hope for staying comfortably at private inns located at the place.
The Easter Island of Chile is not merely limited to the mysterious Moai megalithic statues which are the natural and cultural wonders. The place is also home to Rapa Nui National Park spread over 42 percent of the land. The place is famous for the dead volcano Rano Kau extending in a breathtaking area of 3000 feet. Nearly half of the total Moai statues are sparsely strewn in Rano Raraku quarry.
Anakena beach is a natural rarity in the Easter Island. It also features on its white sand seashore the Moai statues mounted on a stone ramp taking solace under the shadow of palm trees. The intriguing tableaux of monolithic statues are found everywhere in the beach.
The Motus are the three important islets which are at the base of the tall cliffs of Rano Kau. If you are at Motu Nui, one of the three islets, you will be surprised to find that you are standing on the apex of an extinct volcano which was too deeply submerged to show its full body. While Motu Kao Kao lies 70 metres above the Pacific ocean, Motu Iti is a comfortable place for birds like frigate, masked booby birds and sooty terns.
Lauca National Park in the Andean range is featured by one of the most beautiful and the world’s highest lakes, Lago Chungara. The twin dormant volcanoes Volcan Parinacota and Volcan Rape separated by Bolivian border stand as an eye-catching sight to the visitors. Herds of Llamas, close members of camel family, add nativity to the place.
Valle de la luna is a super extensive area formed by timeworn craggy terrains by the winds and floods over several centuries. The undulations on the surface of the area bear a striking resemblance of moon surface, hence the name Valle de la luna (meaning Valley of Moon).
Unlike the waterless dry lands, Pucon is a small pretty town that seems to have evolved just to please tourists. It is located in the middle of the southern Lake District. What makes the waterborne activities more special at this lake is the dominating presence of a nearby Villarica volcano which is currently harmless. Apart from speed boating, rafting, swimming the tourists have divergent options like horseback riding, snow skiing and enjoying themselves in close proximity of hot water springs.
There is a separate group of islands pertaining to Chile, known as Chiloe archipelago in which certain specially built 17thcentury wooden churches attract the tourists with their nowhere-else-to-find design called Chilota. The modest grace of the archipelago is retained by the churches built with unique design.
Chile is today one of the highly developed nations with its high income economy and superior living standards. As per the records of 2015, Chile has achieved a very high Gini index of 47.7 and an excellent HDI of 0.847. Chile has a proud status of being the founding member of the United Nations, Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC). Chile joined OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) in 2010. Chile is held in high regard by international community for its high per capita of income at $25,425 ( as in 2018), low crime rate and low perception of corruption.
Chile has risen to the status of paragon of good merits worth emulating by other developing nations.