Country - Canada
Canada Country Information
Canada is a country in North America, located to the north of the United States of America. Its land is surrounded by three big oceans namely the Atlantic Ocean in the east, by the Pacific Ocean in the west and by the Arctic Ocean in the north. Country shares southern border with the United States of America and it is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. It is made up of 10 states, 3 territories. Ottawa is the capital city. Largest metropolises are Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Quebec City, Winnipeg and Hamilton. Much of land contains forests and Rocky Mountains are in the west.
On July 1, 1867, with the passage of the British North America Act (currently officially called the Constitution Act, 1867), the Dominion of country was officially established as a self-governing entity within the British Empire. The national anthem of Canada is "O Canada". English and French are two official languages, Chinese, Punjabi, Spanish, German and Italian are some of the other common non-official languages. People speak more than 60 Aboriginal languages ranging from Algonquin Cree to Inuit.
Canada is home for different cultures and different religions. Historically, British, French and indigenous cultures/traditions influenced. Through their language, art and music, indigenous people continue to influence the Canadian identity. It is a country without an official religion but Christianity is ostensibly the largest religion followed. Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism are other religions.
Canada is one of the large largest agricultural producers. Wheat, rapeseed, alfalfa, barley, canola, flax, rye, oats, apples, pears, plums, prunes, peaches, apricots, cherries, strawberries, raspberries, loganberries, grapes, sunflower seeds, eggs are some of the major products. It is the one of the most educated countries in the world, spends about 5.3% of its GDP on education. As of 2016 Canada has 96 universities. Approximately 51% of adults in Canada are known to have attained at least an undergraduate college or university degree; that’s why the country ranks first worldwide in the number of adults having tertiary education.
Coming to science and technology, this country spent approximately C$31.6 billion on domestic research and development. Since 1908, Country has had overall 25 Nobel Prize winners in the area of literature, medicine, physics, peace, chemistry, economics. Canada has one of the highest levels of Internet access in the world. The Canadian Space Agency operates a highly active space program. After the Soviet Union and the United States, Canada was the 3rd country to design and construct a satellite.
Canada is one of the best tourist destinations in the world because of its beautiful landscapes, extravaganza coastlines, Rocky Mountains, majestic forests, Arctic tundra, spacious prairies, gorgeous waterfalls and it is a wonderful place in the world to view very huge icebergs. Some of the most popular tourist destinations are Banff National park, Athabasca falls, Niagara falls, Toronto’s CN Tower, Old Quebec (Vieux-Quebec),The Canadian, Churchill, Victoria's Inner Harbour, Gros Morne National Park and Whistler.