Country - Brunei


Brunei Country Information

Borneo is an island in the South East Asia which is occupied by three nations Brunei, a part of Malaysia and a part of Indonesia. The total territory of Brunei exists as two adjacent parts geographically intervened/bermed by the Malaysian land on the northern part of the island Borneo. The two parts of Brunei are segregated by the land of Sarawak pertaining to East Malaysia. The northern side of both the parts of Brunei is bordered by the South China Sea. The rest of the borders are fully in contiguity with the land of Malaysian Sarawak. The western territory is larger than its eastern counterpart and it consists of the capital and the largest city of Brunei “Bandar Seri Begawan”. The rest of Borneo island is shared by East Malaysia and a part of Indonesia.

The most recent history of Brunei reveals that the country won independence from the United Kingdom in 1984. During the subsequent decades 1990s and 2000s, there was a phenomenal outgrowth in the GDP of 56%, with the part of the achievement attributed to exploitation of petroleum and natural gas resources. The giant strides made on the economic front made the country the first few richest nations in the South East Asia. Brunei fared well in many parameters to be considered among the well-developed nations of the world. It is one of the few countries like Macau, Virgin Islands, Liechtenstein and Palau in the world with zero public debt. Its Human Development Index was recorded at a very high level 0.865 in 2015 and the GDP (PPP) in 2018 has been estimated to have reached astronomical height at $77,699.

The major religion of the country is Sunni Islam and the official language is Malay though English is a recognized language. The high exchange rate of Brunei dollar is a bit discouraging for international tourists; yet, Brunei retains its allurement in ways more than one.

The gilt-coated shining dome on the milky white Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque is a predominant monument in the capital city of Bandar Seri Begawan. The surrounding lagoon waters reflect the golden cupola to be viewed from a different angle and the beauty of the building is amplified with brightly-illuminated lights every night.


The humungous edifice Istana Nurul Iman has the reputation of the biggest governmental residential building in the world. Above a certain height of the Brunei river, there is a wide network of stilt villages Kampong Ayer where one can move about without being drenched. Alternatively, ferry service is available for those who wish to undergo the experience of getting into an almost point-blank range with river waters. Kairong mosque, also known as Jame’ Asri Sultan Hassanlal Bolkaiah has found a place in the regular itinerary of international travellers. Muara beach is the place one can see the beach volley-ball being played frequently. Peradayan Forest Reserve and Jerudong National Park are the sites which can entertain the minds of tourists with different issues of interest.

Brunei has also adopted recently more stringent measures to punish the offenders who commit crime against women. Stricter implementation of penal code has come as a good deterrent to help in ensuring safety for women in the country.

The climate in Brunei is visitor-friendly since the temperature does not vary widely beyond the range between 24 to 36 ºC in summer and 20 to 28 ºC in wet season. Trip to Brunei can be planned according the individual compatibility with the seasonal weather in the country.