Country - Bangladesh
Bangladesh Country Information
Bangladesh is a country that appears in the world atlas as almost fully canopied by four different states of India. Bangladesh is a south Asian country. The entire western and a part of northern border of Bangladesh is surrounded by the Indian State West Bengal. The remaining Northern border is shared by Assam and Meghalaya states of India. The south eastern border is common with that of the third smallest Indian state, Tripura. The southern border is exposed to the sea waters of Bay of Bengal.
Bangladesh has the official name Republic of Bangladesh to denote its parliamentary nature of governance. Dhaka is its capital and largest city which is followed by Chittagong famous for international natural sea harbour. The official language is Bengali that had originated from India. During the British rule in India till 1947, Bangladesh was an integral part of India. When India got independence from the British rule of nearly 190 years from 1757, the Dominion of Pakistan was formed with its two regions on either side of India. While the western region was called Pakistan, its eastern counterpart was known as East Bengal till 1955 which was renamed as East Pakistan subsequently. The people of East Pakistan, though dominated by Muslims, were basically of Indian ethnicity and their culture was not akin to that of Pakistan. Even the official language was not Urdu as spoken in Pakistan. The geographical segregation from Pakistan by the mainland of India by about 1500 kilometres and the cultural difference with Pakistan stoked political unrest called Bangladesh Liberation War and culminated in emergence of a free nation which came to be known as Bangladesh in 1971.
Ever since gaining independence, Bangladesh witnessed a series of changeover of political power marked by alternate assassinations of top rival political leaders in the following decades. The present system of governance is of unicameral legislature and the periodicity of elections is stipulated as five years. With the southern coastline exposed to Bay of Bengal, the country has been a frequent victim of floods damaging its fragile economy substantially. The rampant corruption, the rate of illiteracy a shade less than fifty per cent of its population, poverty and inadequate health care have been major factors contributing to the persistent state of ongoing struggle for multi-faceted development.
Bangladesh is home to 57 trans-boundary rivers crossing international borders and the distribution of water resources is always a matter of resolution between the nations concerned. In spite of its yet-to-pick-up macroeconomic performance, Bangladesh has its own attractions for international tourists. The Novo theatre built in 2004 in the capital city Dhaka serves as an educative and entertaining centre. The celestial star show is supported by 150 surrounding cameras which hallucinate the spectators to be amidst the ongoing live space events. The newly added capsule simulator and the smart step floor augment contemporary scientific spirit of the show. When you visit the lush tea gardens in Sylhet, you can feel your lungs spring up to new rejuvenated life with inhalation of fresh air from the vastness of greenery. The lake of Elephants, referred to by locals as Hatir-jheel believed to be once used by pachyderms for ablutions, bears no longer an ancient look but sports metro façade with modern bridges and occasional celebration of fireworks. If you are interested in watching the heritage artifacts of the country, the Liberation Dhaka Museum opened in 1996 will satisfy your curiosity with more than 1000 specimens housed in it, standing as remnant evidences for the war between Bangladesh and Pakistan that took place in 1971. Apart from these artifacts, the 150-foot tall memorial called Jatiyo Sriti Shoudho built in honour of the martyrs in the liberation war of 1971 is a beautiful conical shaped monument that stands erect in an open place near a placid lake.
Nilachal is a hill top resort in Banderban from where visitors can see a 360-degree panoramic view of distant mountains, lush green landscapes. The most pleasing aspect of the site is that on account of its veritable 2000 ft altitude, the visitors standing on the brick-laid flat summit are gently touched by the passing whiffs of clouds in monsoon. Quite close to Nilachal, there is a place called Megla which is an attractive place luring visitors to watch the forest vegetation and water bodies from inside the slow-moving cable cars at the hanging bridge in Megla Tourism Complex.
The Bangabandhu Safari Park in Gazipur is abuzz with wild animals like zebras, giraffes, lions, tigers, Crocodiles, hippopotamuses and several kinds of avians. Well-fenestrated or open top Safari vehicles will allow you to see wild animals in the safest and closest proximity. Plans are on the cards to install cable cars and mono rails to provide a bird’s eye view at forest life, without disturbing the natural mood and movements of jungle animals.
The world’s greatest fame earned by Bangladesh is Sunderbans which is the largest mangrove forest spread across 14800 square miles. The most comprehensive gamut of wild life can be seen here which has made the country a world tourist destination and the visitors have been constrained to include it in the itinerary as unignorable worth-seeing place.
Bangladesh has another feather in its cap to attract the world-wide attention on account of the world’s longest coastline of 125 kilometers in Cox’s Bazar of Chittagong. Your joy is enhanced when you take up the rides along sea shore on All Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) or Quad bikes, Flying boats or simply horseback strolls for beholding seaside ambience. While the day-time ride is a way to watch the undulating sea waves in utter clarity, a trip in the evening along the wavelets shows the yellowish brown sky of sunset.
Bangladesh is not an unimportant country in world tourism as wrongly portrayed. It has its own special tourist attractions in store for international tourists to reckon with.