Country - Bahrain


Bahrain Country Information

Bahrain is a highly developed economy in the Persian Gulf. Like other neighbouring oil-rich countries, Bahrain has bloomed into a well-developed nation with discovery of natural reserves of crude oil. Extraction of crude petroleum and refinery are the major revenue earners (70%) for the Government and make for sixty percent for export receipts and demand a share of eleven percent of the GDP. Bahrain has the reputation of having the most liberal policies of economy in the Middle East and ranks 12th in the world in terms of economic freedom. The country, however, depends heavily on imports for meat and fruits to cater to the consumption needs of its people. More than 53 percent are non-natives of Bahrain.

With excellent communication and transportation facilities, Bahrain became the hub spot for multinational companies engaged in the activities like major construction projects.

Bahrain is totally free from terrestrial contacts with other countries on account of its geographical features. It is an island nation with a small archipelago out of which the islets surround the mainland in north western and north eastern sides. The distant Hawar islands lie in closer proximity to the south western side of Qatar in the Gulf of Bahrain. The main Bahrain island is located at the north western side of Saudi Arabia separated by the ocean waters of Gulf of Bahrain.

Manama is the capital and the largest city of Bahrain. The official language is Arabic but English is also understood and spoken in major cities. Islam is the state religion.

Instead of solely relying on exports of petroleum related products and aluminum, Bahrain has made itself an international tourist destination to reckon with. The capital city Manama is a hi-fi commercial centre marked by luxurious hotels, restaurants and giant shopping complexes attracting tourists from across the world every year. The UNESCO World Heritage Centre “Qalat Al Bahrain” is the monument which is located at a place where the earliest traces of human existence have been found, way back in 2300 B.C. The archaeological excavations were extensively spread over around the area of thirty acres.

About more than four and half kilometres northeast of Manama, the ancient abode of the Sheikh Isa bin Ali Al-Khalifa is a place which exhibits the erstwhile luxurious of royal families with separate foyers, private rooms for women and playing sites for children.

At the capital city suburbs is the Bahrain National Museum which reflects the original culture of land like pearl-diving (an activity to catch big oysters and other molluscs in pursuit of collecting and readying them for commercial sale) and other heritage features.

Al Areen Wildlife Park & Reserve is a dwelling place for a range of five hundred animal and bird species  native to Arabian peninsula and one lakh plant species. Pink flamingos abound the wildlife park, zebras, gazelles roam about unleashedly in artificial habitats that are made to look natural for the wildlife. Even some of the rarest animals like oryx which are believed to be on the verge of extinction are nurtured and reared to extend their progeny under safe and protected environment.