Country - Tanzania


Tanzania Country Information

Tanzania is a country on the eastern coast of the African continent. It is surrounded by Kenya in the north and northeast, Rwanda and Burundi in the northwest, Zambia and Malawi in the south west and Mozambique in the south. The eastern border of Tanzania is a coastline with Indian Ocean. Parts of the country’s borders are made fertile by Lake Victoria in the north, Lake Tanganyika in the west and Lake Nyasa in the south.

The offshore territory of Tanzania extends to Zanzibar Archipelago lying to the east off the coast of Tanzania. Zanzibar Archipelago is also known by another name Spice Islands. The archipelago consists of three main islands inhabited by humans and an uninhabited remote coral island.

The legislative capital of Tanzania is Dodoma whereas the city of Dar es Salaam is the administrative capital and the major commercial hub of the country. The total population of Tanzania was estimated at 55,572,201 as of 2016 and the average density of population was 47 people per square kilometer. The per capita GDP (nominal) was US $ 1100 as per the estimate of 2018. More than 68% of population seems to live below the poverty line, according to the report of United Nations Development Programme in 2010.

The economy of Tanzania is heavily dependent on agriculture. Inadequate production in agriculture sector leads to imports for domestic consumption. The main items of exports from Tanzania are minerals (of precious metals, gemstones, coal), coffee, cashew nuts, cotton, tea, tobacco, pyrethrum and cloves. The chief commodities of imports include agricultural machinery, implements and pesticides, industrial raw materials and machinery transport equipment, petroleum and petrol products, construction materials and consumption goods. The total value of exports was US $4178 million and that of imports was US $7765 million, resulting in a trade deficit of US $ 3587 million.

In spite of leeway on economic front, Tanzania has many things to feel proud of in international tourism sector. The highest mountain in the entire African continent, Kilimanjaro is located in the northeastern Tanzania, near the Kenyan border. Mount Kilimanjaro comprises three dormant volcanic cones and seven trekking routes have been laid for enthusiastic mountaineers. Although the Mount Kilomanjaro is known as the ‘walk-up mountain”, it has been observed that less than half of the climbers reach the summit on account of the hazardous impediments that come in the way of ascent.

Another wonderful event worth watching is the large scale chaotic exodus of forest animals, traversing a mind-blowing distance of more than 800 kilometers, in search of natural fodder and water. The event known as the Great Wildbeest Migration is the biggest relocation of jungle animals involving 1.5 million wildebeest, 20,000 zebras and a plethora of gazelles and other grazing animals moving across between Tanzania and Kenya. The hectic feverish marathon of cattle and other grass-eating quadrupeds usually occurs round the year and it is an ongoing event across the Serengeti National Park in the north eastern Tanzania.

Lake Tanganyika is the world’s second largest water body that borders Tanzania in the northwestern frontier. The lake is a confluence of fresh water from at least 50 streams and rivers. It is noteworthy that the world’s 8% of fresh water is contributed by the lake. It has been the source of aquatic life comprising about 500 species of fish.

The Tarangere  National Park in Tanzania is a wonder land where one of the oldest living species of Baobab trees can grow and stay alive for about 1000 years. The millennium old Baobab trees have always been a matter of serious study for botanists. The park is also a dwelling place for the unique tree-climbing tribes of lions as also the Lake Manyara National Park.

Tanzania is the best place for watching forest flora and fauna since the country encompasses a pretty big realm of wild life. Travellers get to see a wide range of wild animals when they embark on a safari trip which covers a sprawling gamut of diverse forest life.