Country - United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates Country Information
The United Arab Emirates, or shortly UAE, is a federation of seven emirates situated in the north eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The capital of UAE is Abu Dhabi which is eponymous with the biggest emirate. The largest city Dubai is the country’s biggest commercial centre and serves as the transit junction for several international air routes. Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain are the seven federal emirates that constitute the UAE. The city of Sharjah is famous for hosting international cricket matches.
The southern frontier of UAE is common with Saudi Arabia and the eastern border is shared by Oman. The northern border is a lengthy coastline with the Persian Gulf on which the cities of Tarif, Abu Dhabi, Jebel Ali, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Ras al Khaimah are located. The cities of Khor Fakkan and Fujarrah are on the shorter coastline with the Gulf of Oman on its eastern border.
The country got independence from the United Kingdom in December 1971, except the emirate Ras al Khaimah which was later admitted to the UAE in 1972. The UAE is an Islamic nation and Arabic is the official language. The country is perceived by the United Nations as one of the wealthiest nations in the world. The per capita GDP (nominal) as per the estimate of 2018 was US $ 41,476. The total population was estimated at 9,599,353 with an average density of population of 99 people per square kilometer. The country has been basking in the glory of very high Human Development Index of 0.863.
Being an oil rich country, UAE mainly exports crude oil, natural gas, re-exports, dried fish and dates. As of 2016, the total value of exports was US $316 billion and that of imports was US $ 246.9 billion. The major commodities of imports were machinery, transport equipment, chemicals and food.
The tourism industry in UAE is 5.2% of the total GDP and dominated by tourists visiting the country. The tallest building in the world Burj Khalifa is of 828 meters in height and has become the landmark structure in Dubai ever since its inauguration in 2010. The skyscraper has 163 floors.
Prior to construction of Burj Khalifa, Dubai has had the iconic site Burj Al Arab Jumeirah, a sail-shaped luxury hotel. Even today, it is still coveted by rich class tourists on account of the features like its nine hi-fi restaurants, four pools, a private beach, a kids’ club, a luxury spa and a helipad. The hotel is a five minute walk from Wild Wadi Water Park and four kilometers from the Mall of Emirates.
Palm Jumeirah is a man-made island which is in the shape of a palm tree in the Persian Gulf waters. The island is home to ultra-modern glittering hotels, lavish apartment towers and elegant global restaurants. Beach clubs on the island turn into centres of high octane music balls in the night.
Dubai Miracle Garden is a 72 square kilometer place where approximately 250 million plants and 50 million flowers are grown, making the site as a floral paradise. The garden was inaugurated on the Valentine’s Day in 2013.
In addition, Dubai has innumerable worth seeing places like Dolphin Bay, Jumeirah Lake Towers, Heritage Village, Grand Mosque, Dubai Zoo, IMG World of Architecture, Deira Island, Dubai Aquarium and Underwater Zoo, Sheikh Mohammed Centre for Cultural Understanding and Motiongate Theme Park to mention a few.
The most notable sightseeing places in the capital city of Abu Dhabi are Yas Island (a small island with a Grand Prix car racing circuits, Saadiyat Island (an Emirati cultural and heritage site), Capital Gate ( a Middle East version of Leaning Tower of Pisa), Warner Brothers’ World (an Indoor Amusement Park featuring Warners Bros. characters from Looney Tunes, D.C. Comics, Hanna-Barbera and others), Aldar Headquarters Building (a giant coin shaped edifice that seems to stand out lonely in a busy centre on account of its colossal height), Sheikh Zayed Mosque (the largest mosque in the country with capacity to hold more than 41,000 people and a site famous for daily prayers, Friday worships and Eid orisons), Mangrove National Park (consisting of more than 60 bird species and a vast water-front for kayaking, swimming, diving etc.), Al Forsan International Sports Resort, Abu Dhabi Cultural Foundation, St. Joseph’s Cathedral, Zayed Sports City Ice Rink, Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre and Flying Aces Ferrari Abu Dhabi.
The city of Sharjah too becomes a place of visit during international cricket matches. The more you visit UAE, the more remains to be seen in the country.