Blood groups Scientific Information - Heart diseases blood pressure precautions

Blood groups

There are eight types of common blood groups, which are determined by the presence or absence of certain antigens. A and B are two antigens. Blood Group ‘A’ has only ‘A’ antigen on red cells and B antibody in the plasma. Blood Group ‘B’ has only ‘B’ antigen on red cells and ‘A’ antibody in the plasma. Blood Group ‘AB’ has both A and B antigens on red cells but not present A and B antibody in the plasma. O blood group has not present A and B antigens on red cells but both A and B antibody are in the plasma. There is a third antigen called the Rh factor, which can be either present ‘+’ or absent ‘–’. Rh negative blood is given to only Rh negative patients, and Rh positive and Rh negative blood both may be given to Rh positive patients.

Blood Groups:

Plasma:

Plasma is a liquid portion of the blood and it is in yellowish color. Functions of plasma are transportation of nutrients and proteins to the body and waste products to the kidneys, which filters wastage out of the plasma and discharge them as urine from the body.

‘A’ Blood Group:

‘A’ blood group contains ‘A+’ and ‘A-’ blood groups.

‘A(+ve)’ Blood Group:

‘A+ve’ blood group is the most common blood type. A person with ‘A’ positive blood group person can receive only A+, A- and O+, O-. But ‘A+ve’ blood donor can donate blood to A+ and AB+ blood groups.

‘A(-ve)’ Blood Group:

A patient with ‘A(-ve)’ blood group person can receive ‘A-ve’ and ‘O-ve’, whereas ‘A-ve’ blood group person can donate blood to ‘A-’, ‘A+’, AB- and AB+.

Diet Proposal:

A’ blood group person can follow low fat diet. This can be prevention of cardiovascular diseases. ‘A’ blood group person consumes a lot of fresh fruits, legumes, green vegetables, beans, whole grains. Vegetables, soy products and pineapples can be helpful for weight management. Avoid junk food, meat and dairy products which have high carbohydrates.

Exercise Proposal:

Cortisol levels high in blood group ‘A’ people. Cortisol levels to be reduced with the practice of regular exercises.

'B' Blood Group:

‘B’ blood group contains two types ‘B+ve’, ‘B-ve’ blood groups. ‘B’ blood groups have higher level of blood clotting proteins.

Blood Groups

‘B+ve’ Blood Group:

Person with ‘B+ve’ blood group person can receive blood of ‘B+ve’, ‘B-ve’, ‘O+ve’ and ‘O-ve’ categories. ‘B+ve’ blood donor can donate blood to B+ve and AB+ve blood groups.

‘B-ve’ Blood Group:

‘B-ve’ blood group person can only receive ‘B-ve’ and ‘O-ve’ categories, while ‘B-ve’ blood donor can donate blood to ‘B+ve’, ‘B-ve’, ‘AB+ve’ and ‘AB-ve’.

Diet Proposal:

‘B’ blood group person should follow diet sanction to have beneficial foods like eggs, vegetables and low fat dairy products and should avoid foods like wheat, corn, peanuts, sesame seeds and chicken. This can prevent cardiovascular diseases.

Exercise Proposal:

‘B’ blood group persons should do activities like meditation, hiking, cycling, golf, tennis and more to maintain weight.

 ‘O’ Blood Group:

O negative blood cells are “universal donors”. ‘O’ blood group contains two types ‘O+ve’ and ‘O-ve’. ‘O’ blood group have less risk of cardiovascular diseases.

‘O+ve’ Blood Group:

‘O+ve’ blood group persons can receive only ‘O+ve’ and ‘O-ve’. ‘O+ve’ blood group donor can donate blood to ‘A+ve’, ‘B+ve’, ‘O+ve’ and ‘AB+ve’.

‘O-ve’ Blood Group:

‘O-ve’ blood group persons can receive blood only ‘O-ve’. ‘O-ve’ blood group donor donates blood to ‘O+ve’, ‘O-ve’, ‘A+ve’, ‘A-ve’, ‘B+ve’, ‘B-ve’, ‘AB+ve’, ‘AB-ve’.

Diet Proposal:

Meat, fruits and vegetables will give healthy life to ‘O’ blood groups. Dairy products, wheat, alcohol should be avoided because they increase adrenaline and non-adrenaline hormones. These are already in high levels in ‘O’ blood group.

Exercise Proposal:

Regular exercises can be helpful to ‘O’ blood group persons to manage physical health.

‘AB’ Blood Group:

‘AB’ blood group contains two types ‘AB+v’ and ‘AB-ve’.

‘AB+ve’ Blood Group:

‘AB+ve’ blood group persons can receive ‘AB+ve’, ‘AB-ve’, ‘B+ve’, ‘B-ve’, ‘A+ve’, ‘A-ve’, ‘O+ve’, ‘O-ve’.  But ‘AB+ve’ blood group donor donates blood to only ‘AB+’.

Blood Groups

‘AB-ve’ Blood Group:

‘AB-ve’ blood group persons can receive from ‘AB-ve’, ‘B-ve’, ‘A-ve’, and ‘O-ve’. ‘AB-ve’ blood donors can donate blood to only ‘AB-ve’ and ‘AB+ve’.

Diet Proposal:

‘AB’ blood group persons can have green leafy vegetables, sea food, dairy products and more. Alcohol and Caffeine should be avoided.

Exercise Proposal:

Daily exercise like biking, jogging and yoga will give good health to ‘AB’ blood group persons. It can help to maintain physical health balance and protect from cardiovascular diseases.

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